ESPN Deportes UEFA Champions League Telecasts Begin Today

m88 Manchester United FCTues., Sept.

ESPN Deportes, which will offer more UEFA Champions League matches than any television network in the U.S., will provide extensive, season-long coverage from the group stage through the final match. AS RomaWeds., Sept. Liverpool vs. Each match day, the network will televise selected matches LIVE, while featuring the remaining matches on short turnaround or tape delay. Chelsea FCWeds., Sept. Olympique Lyonnais vs. FC Porto vs. 8 Matchday #6**Match schedule still TBD

The ESPN Deportes coverage of UEFA Champions League will include three teams of announcers made up of ESPN broadcasting veteran Luis Omar Tapia (play-byplay), Diego Balado (analysis), Randy Alvarez (play-by-play) and soccer legend Mario Kempes, who will be making his debut as UEFA Champions League analyst. AFC Ajax vs. 23 – Weds. 16 1:00 a.m. 14, 2004– Matchday #1 to Feature Europe’s Best Clubs, Including Defending Champions FC Porto, FC Barcelona, Juventus FC, Manchester United FC, Liverpool and Real Madrid CF

ESPN Deportes will begin its extensive coverage of the 2004 UEFA Champions League season this week by featuring Europe’s best clubs, including defending champions FC Porto, FC Barcelona, Juventus FC, Liverpool, Manchester United FC and Real Madrid CF. Chelsea FC vs. 28 7:00 p.m. AS MonacoWeds., Sept. Nov. 20 Matchday #3*Tues., Nov. ESPN Deportes commentator Jose Hernandez (play-by-play) and Claudio Jijon (analysis) will compose a third telecast team to handle increased schedule of games. FC Bayern Munich vs.

– Columns from ESPN Deportes commentators Diego Balado, Jose Hernandez and Luis Omar Tapia and soccer analyst Vito de Palma

– will provide in-depth coverage of this year’s UEFA Champions League , including: . 15 10:30 p.m. FC Barcelona vs. Juventus FCWeds., Sept. FC PortoWeds., Sept. Werder Bremen vs. 14 11:30 p.m. 30 1:30 a.m. 7 – Weds., Dec. Celtic FCThurs., Sept. 2 – Weds. 29 2:30 p.m. 14 4:45 p.m. AS Monaco vs. 15 4:45 p.m.

“UEFA Champions League is a showcase for the best soccer players in the world, including many from Latin America,” said Lino Garcia, general manager, ESPN Deportes. 3 Matchday #4*Tues., Nov. “Many of our viewers are passionate soccer fans, and ESPN Deportes is proud to deliver season-long coverage of this great competition.”

– Telecasts of UEFA Champions League Highlights, a weekly 30-minute highlight program airing Thursdays of each match week hosted by Randy Alvarez reviews all the top goals and plays from the league. AFC AjaxTues., Sept. Manchester United vs. 30 1:00 p.m.

– Real-time scoring

– Telecasts of UEFA Champions League Weekly, ESPN’s weekly series airing Friday evenings during the UEFA Champions League season provides updates, interviews, features and historical pieces on the league. ET, just a few hours before the season begins. DonetskThurs., Sept.

Viewers are encouraged to call their local cable and satellite provider to inquire about the availability of ESPN Deportes. PSG FC vs. Nov. Leverkusen vs. Real Madrid vs. Deportivo La CorunaTues., Sept. FC Internazionale vs.

DATE TIME (ET) TEAMSTues., Sept. FC Barcelona vs. — Interactive chat sessions hosted by ESPN Deportes commentators two hours prior to the match

As a prelude to the start of the 2004 UEFA Champions League season, Luis Omar Tapia will host a chat on today at 12 p.m. 28 4:45 p.m. 14 7:00 p.m. Oct. PFC CSKA MoskvaTues., Sept. FenerbahceTues., Sept. 15 2:30 p.m. ValenciaTues., Oct.19 – Weds. AC Milan vs. 14 2:30 p.m. Werder BremenTues., Sept. In total, ESPN Deportes will offer coverage of 77 matches and up 186 original hours of UEFA Champions League programming. 28 2:30 p.m. 29 4:45 p.m. Real Madrid CFThurs., Sept. 28 11:30 p.m.

Additional highlights of ESPN Deportes UEFA Champions League coverage:

– Live commentary of selected matches

– Photo galleries

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Sept. 24 Matchday #5*Tues., Dec. Celtic FCTues., Sept

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Three Teams that Are Favorites to Win the Soccer 2013-2014 Champions League

m88 They enjoyed every single moment of last year as they magnificently won another treble under Jupp Heynckes. However, we can guess by their overall performance, strategic wise, strength, weaknesses, and several more things.


Credit: Public Domain (Flickr): Author MahmousSilva720

Real Madrid

It is frightful for Madrid fans to think to be a runner up or to be semifinalist again this year. We know who were the last year Champions, the German giants Bayern Munich. He is a very intelligent and experienced manager; he achieved several major trophies with AC Milan, Chelsea, and PSG. The man who replaced Jupp was Pep Guardiola, the one who took FC Barcelona to its peaks; this man also introduced the famous tiki-taka.

The pair of Cavani and Ibrahimovic can do exceptional things for PSG and they can easily win matches single handedly. Nevertheless, if again they desire to win they have to be more wary because English, Spanish, Italian and French giants are very ambitious for winning the Champions League and they are very well prepared as compare to last season, some of them have brought some big names and some of them have hired notable managers.

It was not a bad decision by Administration, though they should have given more time to Heynckes and should have waited until he resigned because to be fair he was doing a tremendous job. It was not less than a miracle for Bayern Munich to win another treble. Therefore, it means he is the right man who can bring Madrid trophies, and maybe that is why Perez spends a lot of money around Ancelotti.

If we could look at PSGs history, they have not been a strong force in Europe, however it is imperative to mention about their capability of becoming a major club in Europe. Both of them are keen to score as many goals as they can just as they are doing in French league 1, however if they continue this in Champions League matches then for sure they can be strong contenders to lift the famous Champions League Trophy.


Credit: Public Domain (Flickr): Author Toksuede

Bayern Munich

In champions league Munich is one of the strongest title contender, it has become a habit of Bayern Munich to play semifinal each year. That day and now we can see where PSG was and where are they now, so, it would be unfair to not to credit the Qatari Investment authority.

Last years semifinalist is looking to grab the opportunity to win the Champions league for the tenth time. In addition, fairly most of the credit goes to Mr. Now that such names have joined the club, the expectations are very high from PSG because they have spent a lot of money to enable it to compete with the other European Giants.. Real Madrid is one of the richest Football club on the planet with an estimated wealth of 3 billion. Thanks to the Jupp Heynckes who brought the Bavarians Champions league. They can sign any big name they want, they stunned the entire football world when they announced to have signed Tottenham Hotspurs winger Gareth Bale in 100 million and bringing Bale signified the high aims of Mr. Fiorentina Perez (Madrid Owner).

With a new season, they have started with new boss Carlo Ancelotti, who resigned from his job, as Paris Saint Germans manager for his dream job was to manage Madrid. They did not even dream that one day they would be favorite to win Champions League, though somehow fate was kind to them, when suddenly a Qatari Investment authority decided to possess Paris Saint German. Wow what a marvelous season for Bayern Munich last year. With this size of squad, they can easily reach the semifinal again this year.

Now when everything is settled the fans are expecting something vibrant from PSG manager and the players because they brought several world class players to PSG, namely, Zlatan Ibrahimovic, Ezequiel Lavezzi, Alex, Lucas Moura, Thiago Silva, Edison Roberto Cavani Gomez, including many more young stars. Madrid is one of the most successful club in the history of Champions league, which makes them even more notable in this League.


Credit: Public Domain (Flickr): Author Aciloc10

Paris Saint German

They did well last season when they surprisingly reached quarterfinal, but unfortunately they were slapped by Barcelona.


Credit: Public Domain (Flickr): Author Villads Engel

The battle begins

Yes the battle has begun amongst the top teams of Europe with an unlike spirit of winning champions league. Heynckes, however many of us still cannot understand the decision of Bayern Munichs President when he announced that Heynckes will be replaced byby Josep Pep Guardiola i Sala.

It would be no surprise if they win another treble under Pep Guardiola this time.

However, it is too early to say the possible teams as to which of them can be champions

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Manchester United players and WAGs at UNICEF charity dinner

m88 Match: Federico Macheda and girlfriend Sophie Larissa HoughtonMatch: Federico Macheda and girlfriend Sophie Larissa Houghton

ByRik Sharma

Updated: 12:23 GMT, 13 December 2011

Chart-topping singer-songwriter Emeli Sande performed at the event, which was hosted by actor and broadcaster Angus Deayton and attended by several first team players and their wives and girlfriends, along with the boss himself.

Stalwarts: Albert Morgan (left), the Manchester United kit-man, with Sir Alex Ferguson (right)Stalwarts: Albert Morgan (left), the Manchester United kit-man, with Sir Alex Ferguson (right)

Anybody who witnessed Manchester United’s demolition of Wolves on Saturday might not think Sir Alex Ferguson’s side are in a particularly charitable mood these days.

Wright also got in on the Twitter action, saying he was having ‘a lovely night for such a lovely cause’, which Ferdinand promptly retweeted.

If the players are anywhere near as sharp as they were here, he should have no trouble cutting through the QPR defence.

Unlikely partners: Rafael and Fabio da Silva smile for the cameraUnlikely partners: Rafael and Fabio Da Silva smile for the camera

R&R: Ryan Giggs and Rio Ferdinand looking sharp at the UNICEF event

Boss Ferguson will hope he can have a similarly pleasant evening after his team visit Queens Park Rangers on Saturday. Also present and correct were ‘The Only Way is Essex’ star Mark Wright and ‘Coronation Street’ actress Catherine Tyldesley.

TV stars: Mark Wright and Catherine Tyldesley were dressed for the occasion

The event, hosted at Old Trafford, celebrated twelve years of partnership between the two organisations – the longest such link between a Premier League club and a charity.

Trio: Jonny Evans (left) with Darron Gibson (right) and Danielle Carter (centre, Darron's girlfriend)Trio: Jonny Evans (left) with Darron Gibson (right) and Danielle Carter (centre, Darron’s girlfriend)

United: David de Gea and Javier Hernandez looked like they were having fun

Stylish: Patrice and Sandra Evra on the red carpetStylish: Patrice and Sandra Evra on the red carpet

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But on Monday the Red Devils were altogether less troublesome than their moniker suggests, as they held their annual charity ‘United for UNICEF’ gala dinner.

Loved up: Michael Carrick and wife Lisa grinning, while Ashley Young and his childhood sweetheart Nicky Pike pose for the camera

Serial tweeter Rio Ferdinand mentioned the event on the social networking site and even gave a ‘big shout’ to one girl’s parents, who donated 10,000 to UNICEF so she could meet and greet the players

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Neymar Brace Helps Brazil Thrash United States in International Friendly

fun88 Neymar in action against United States in friendly. AFP

Yet Brazil almost doubled their lead three minutes before the break when Marcelo thumped a ferocious angled shot towards the top corner that Guzan did well to parry away.

Klinsmann acknowledged the Bedoya experiment had left the Americans exposed and swiftly replaced him with Williams on 36 minutes.

David Luiz released Neymar into acres of space down the right and the number 10 cut back inside only to have Stoke City defender Geoff Cameron sweep his legs from beneath him for a cast-iron penalty.

Dunga brought Neymar on at half-time and the Barcelona superstar, who will be suspended for the Selecao’s clash with Chile next month, made an instant impact.

Chelsea star Willian burst clear of two American defenders down the right flank and curled a looping cross beyond US keeper Brad Guzan.

Rafinha was the next to find the target, deftly finishing after an exquisite pass from Lucas Moura for Brazil’s third goal in the 64th minute.

Foxborough, United States: Barcelona superstar Neymar scored twice as Brazil thrashed the United States 4-1 to equal the Americans’ heaviest margin of defeat under manager Jurgen Klinsmann in a friendly international here Tuesday. (Click here for latest Football stories)

Veteran striker Hulk and youngster Rafinha scored the five-time world champion’s other goals.

The USA’s lone attack of the first half came shortly afterwards when Yedlin, the Tottenham player currently on loan at Sunderland, surged down the flank and crossed for Jozy Altidore, whose shot on the run was blocked.

The scoreline matched the worst ever suffered by the Americans under Klinsmann, who were beaten 4-1 by Brazil in 2012 and 4-1 by Ireland in 2014.

Another superb ball by Paris Saint-Germain’s Moura set up Neymar to make it 4-0 in the 67th minute, the Barcelona player shooting low through a crowd of USA defenders to beat Guzan once more.

- Enter Neymar -

The USA, looking for an encouraging display as they prepare for a crucial Confederations Cup play-off against Mexico next month, were run ragged as Brazil turned on the style at the Gillette Stadium in Foxborough.

Substitute Danny Williams scored a late consolation for the Americans, lashing home a 30-yard screamer in the 90th minute.

Brazil, who face a daunting opening to their 2018 World Cup qualifying campaign away to Chile next month, were always in control.

Neymar duly stepped up to rifle home the spot-kick — his 45th international goal — to make it 2-0.

It could have been worse if Rafinha had not dragged a shot wide with the goal begging in the 70th minute.

The South Americans dominated a one-sided first half, threatening to run riot against an experimental United States formation featuring Alejandro Bedoya playing in an unfamiliar defensive midfield role.

The Brazilians swept forward confidently and did not have long to wait until their early superiority was rewarded with the first goal.

As the Aston Villa goalkeeper dithered, the ball rebounded off the inside of the upright and fell kindly to Hulk, who cut back towards goal to wrong-foot defender DeAndre Yedlin to bludgeon home for 1-0.

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Barcelona gets favorable draw in Champions League groups

m88 Petersburg was grouped with Valencia, Lyon and Gent. Tuesday start for fans in Spain.

Europe’s four highest-ranked leagues meet in the group of Juventus, Manchester City, Sevilla and Borussia Moenchengladbach.

”Serie A, the Premier League and the Bundesliga all in the most competitive, demanding and exciting group,” said Sevilla coach Unai Emery, whose team is the first to qualify by winning the previous season’s Europa League.

Chelsea’s Mourinho guided Porto to win the Champions League in 2004 immediately before starting his first spell at Stamford Bridge.

His quest to be the first coach to win Europe’s premier club title with three different clubs – after Porto and Inter Milan in 2010 – starts in a group with Dynamo Kiev and Maccabi Tel Aviv.

Though Man United landed with the lowest-ranked top-seeded club in PSV, the group has depth with CSKA Moscow and Wolfsburg.

Bayern eliminated Arsenal at the last-16 stage in 2013 and 2014, though the English club will expect to advance ahead of Olympiakos and Dinamo Zagreb.

”It’s nice, against Arsenal, that we’ll meet two old friends from the national team in Per Mertesacker and Mesut Ozil,” Bayern captain Philipp Lahm said.

With UEFA separating Russian and Ukrainian teams in the draw, top-seeded Zenit St.

MONACO (AP) Barcelona got a favorable start to its title defense, Zlatan Ibrahimovic’s wish to go home was granted and Benfica was given the longest trip in Champions League history on Thursday.

The group-stage draw also means Bayern Munich play Arsenal for the third time in four seasons and sent Chelsea coach Jose Mourinho back to Porto where he won his first Champions League title.

Manchester United’s return after a one-year absence will be at Group B’s top-seeded club whose best player it bought in the offseason. on a Wednesday back home.

The group is completed by Galatasaray and Atletico Madrid, whose match in Astana will be a 4 p.m. 7 Memphis Depay can look forward to a Sept. 15 date back at PSV Eindhoven.

World football’s most coveted club competition set up many story lines for the 32 elite clubs, who will share 1.2 billion euros ($1.37 billion) in UEFA prize money over the next nine months.

Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo resume their duel for the all-time competition scoring record tied on 77 career goals, and Barcelona’s star forward seems favored to forge ahead.

Defending champion Barcelona will kick off at Roma and also play BATE Borisov and Bayer Leverkusen. 9. United’s new No. The top two in each group advance to the last-16 knockout round which begins in February.

. Messi routed the German side with five goals in a 7-1 win when they met in the last-16 round in 2012.

Ronaldo and Real Madrid landed in a tougher group with Shakhtar Donetsk and Ibrahimovic’s current and first clubs, Paris Saint-Germain and Malmo.

”One day I hope to experience the Champions League in Malmo on the pitch. The champion of Belgium is the second club making its debut at the elite level.

The six rounds of group matches end on Dec. Congratulations!” the Sweden great had posted on Twitter after his boyhood club advanced through the playoff round on Wednesday.

Ibrahimovic will be 34 by Nov. 25 when PSG plays at Malmo, which he left as a 19-year-old to join Ajax.

On the same day, Portugal champion Benfica will play at newcomer Astana – the further point east any club has played since the European Cup was rebranded the Champions League 23 years ago.

Benfica’s flight from Lisbon of around 6,100 kilometers (3,800 miles) across six time zones will mean kicking off in the Kazakhstan capital when it is 3 p.m

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David Beckham to retire from soccer at end of season

12bet It’s difficult because I still think I can play at the top level … “To this day, one of my proudest achievements is captaining my country,” Beckham said.

He started his career with Manchester United and also played for Real Madrid and the Los Angeles Galaxy, winning titles with all those clubs.

England dropped Beckham in 2006 in an effort to renew the team with younger players after a quarterfinal exit at that year’s World Cup. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report. He was blamed for England’s elimination from the 1998 World Cup for his petulant red card against Argentina, but scored the winning goal against the same team at the World Cup four years later.

Beckham told Sky that he found it difficult when his celebrity overshadowed his career as an athlete. I think I know when I’m ready … He has been giving his salary to a children’s charity.

“I want to thank all my teammates, the great managers that I had the pleasure of learning from,” Beckham said. Coach Steve McClaren recalled him the following year after a run of stuttering form, and he returned for the remainder of England’s unsuccessful attempt to qualify for the 2008 European Championship.

“As much as I say that doesn’t hurt me, of course it does,” Beckham said.

Beckham, whose forays into fashion and marriage to a pop-star wife have made him a riveting international celebrity, has two more matches left at PSG. “I’m fortunate to have been given many opportunities throughout my career and now I feel it’s my time to give back.”

2013 CBS Interactive Inc. He missed the 2010 World Cup because of an Achilles injury, but went to South Africa as part of Fabio Capello’s backroom staff.

On the international stage, Beckham made 115 appearances for England’s national team a record for a player other than a goalkeeper.

Speaking to Sky Sports, Beckham said “over the years when I’ve seen players retire, when you ask them they said ‘you’ll know when you’re ready’… I’m honored to represent England both on and off the pitch.”

Beckham spent four years in Madrid winning the 2007 Spanish title before making the surprise move to Major League Soccer, where he won the title twice.

There were highs and lows in Beckham’s international career. “I knew every time I wore the Three Lions shirt, I was not only following in a long line of great players, I was also representing every fan that cared passionately about their country. “I also want to thank the fans who have all supported me and given me the strength to succeed.”

Beckham had already started planning for his post-playing career earlier in the season, becoming an ambassador for Chinese soccer.

His last England appearance came against Belarus in October 2009. Beckham left United in 2003 shortly after manager Alex Ferguson accidentally struck Beckham’s eye with a football boot.

At left, watch the “60 Minutes” interview with Beckham from 2008.

“If you had told me as a young boy I would have played for and won trophies with my boyhood club Manchester United, proudly captained and played for my country over one hundred times and lined up for some of the biggest clubs in the world, I would have told you it was a fantasy. All Rights Reserved.

The 38-year-old Beckham, who recently won a league title in a fourth country with Paris Saint-Germain, said Thursday he will retire after the season.. I’m fortunate to have realized those dreams,” Beckham said.

LONDON David Beckham is retiring from soccer, ending a career in which he became a global superstar who transcended the sport.

“Nothing will ever completely replace playing the game I love, however I feel like I’m starting a new adventure and I’m genuinely excited about what lies ahead,” Beckham said. but I’ve always said to myself I want to go out on top.”

“I’m thankful to PSG for giving me the opportunity to continue but I feel now is the right time to finish my career, playing at the highest level,” the former England captain said in a statement.

Beckham responded to jeering at the 2000 European Championship with an obscene hand gesture to England fans, but was lauded by the same supporters a little more than a year later when his last-minute free kick against Greece secured a place at the 2002 World Cup.

With United between 1992 and 2003, Beckham won six Premier League titles, the Champions League, two FA Cups and the Intercontinental Cup

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Elixir Gaming Technologies to Build and Operate Casino Hotel on Cambodia Vietnam Border

m88 elixir Gaming also holds a casino license

in Cambodia and will build and operate Dreamworld Casino and Resort, a

casino hotel in the Takeo Province near the Vietnam border. 2, the highly-trafficked road that

connects Phnom Penh and the major cities in Southern Vietnam, the

property is positioned near a duty free trading zone that houses a large

shopping facility and is within 30 minutes of a famous temple in Vietnam

that attracts over one million visitors annually.

The initial plans for Dreamworld include 150 electronic gaming machine

seats and 20 table games housed on approximately 54,000 square feet

(5,000 square meters) of casino floor space and 50 hotel rooms, all of

which is expected to be completed in the fourth quarter of 2011. In addition, this extension of our gaming

operations provides us the ability to leverage our established presence

and goodwill in this market and increases our long-term control of our


About Elixir Gaming Technologies, Inc.

Elixir Gaming Technologies, Inc.

Based on the Company’s estimated project timeline, projected cash flows,

and the deferral of principal repayments until July 2011 on its

unsecured promissory note due to Elixir Group, Elixir Gaming anticipates

funding these plans from cash on hand and projected cash flow from


HONG KONG–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Elixir Gaming Technologies, Inc. (NYSE Amex: EGT) is a leading provider

of electronic gaming machines on a participation basis to the Pan-Asian

gaming industry, with a strategic presence and focus on the Cambodia and

Philippines markets. The Company retains ownership

of the gaming machines and systems and receives recurring daily fees

based on an agreed upon percentage of the net gaming win per machine and

provides on-site maintenance. For more information please visit

. (NYSE Amex: EGT) (“Elixir Gaming” or

“the Company”), a leading provider of electronic gaming machines on a

participation basis to the Pan-Asian gaming industry, today announced it

has been granted a casino license by the Cambodian government and plans

to build and operate its own casino hotel in the Takeo Province near the

Vietnam border. Those forward-looking statements include statements regarding

expectations for the business of Elixir Gaming, its working capital

requirements and future revenue and profitability, the project schedule

for its Dreamworld Casino and Resort and Elixir Gaming’s ability to fund

the Dreamworld project. Elixir Gaming does not undertake, and

specifically disclaims any obligation to update or revise such

statements to reflect new circumstances or unanticipated events as they


Capital expenditures for the initial phase, including the land and

construction costs, are estimated to be approximately $8 to $10 million.

Factors that could cause or contribute to differences include, but are

not limited to, risks related to the costs incurred by Elixir Gaming in

defending shareholder litigation and the outcome of any judgment or

settlement with respect to such litigation, Elixir Gaming’s inability to

place gaming machines at significant levels, whether the gaming machines

placed generate the expected amount of net-win, Elixir Gaming’s ability

to successfully execute its plans to build and operate a casino hotel,

the ability of Elixir Gaming to acquire additional capital as and when

needed, the ability of Elixir Gaming to collect revenue and protect its

assets and those other risks set forth in Elixir Gaming’s annual report

on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 filed with the SEC on

March 30, 2010 and subsequently filed quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. Dreamworld will also cater to

players with dual passports in the greater Phnom Penh region, as local

Cambodians are prohibited from gambling in their country. Such statements are subject to certain risks and

uncertainties, and actual circumstances, events or results may differ

materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements. The

Company intends to develop additional phases of the project dependant on

demand and the availability of capital.

Clarence Chung, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Elixir Gaming,

commented, “In an effort to better capitalize on the growth

opportunities that exist in our target markets and enhance long-term

returns, we have developed a two-pronged approach to our growth strategy

for our gaming operations as the provider of gaming machines on a

participation basis and as a casino owner and operator in emerging

markets in Pan Asia.

This press release contains forward-looking statements concerning Elixir

Gaming, within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933,

as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as


Dreamworld will include a casino and hotel on over seven acres (30,000

square meters) of land. The remaining balance of the consideration for the land is payable

upon completion of the transfer of the title of the land by the relevant

authorities in Cambodia, after which the Company assumes effective

control of the land. In addition to

being located on National Highway No. We intend to leverage our marketing expertise to make

Dreamworld a destination location for the mass market players in the


Forward Looking Statements

Strategically located within three hours drive of several major cities

in Southern Vietnam with a total estimated population of approximately

17 million people and approximately 125 miles (200 kilometers) south of

the capital city of Phnom Penh, Dreamworld’s primary market will be the

mass market players from Southern Vietnam. The total consideration for the land is $1.76

million, of which a deposit of $850,000 has been paid to secure the


Elixir Gaming cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any

forward-looking statements. This is expected to take place in early August 2010.

“As a border casino, Dreamworld will be strategically positioned to

capitalize on the attractive Southern Vietnam and greater Phnom Penh

feeder markets. The Company secures long-term contracts to provide

electronic gaming machines and related systems to premier hotels and

other well-located gaming venues in Asia. The project, which is named Dreamworld Casino and Resort

(“Dreamworld”), represents an important incremental leg of the Company’s

long-term growth strategy.

“The owner and operator approach allows us the potential for higher

long-term incremental returns on our operations given the ability to

collect 100% of the net win compared to 20-25% as per our existing

participation contracts. Phase one of

Dreamworld Casino and Resort is expected to be completed in the fourth

quarter of 2011

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Eyes on casino gaming in China: residents’ attitudes towards pre-casino development in Sanya.

m88 non-city center dwellers, and longtime residents v.

short-time residents. Tourism Review International,

10(3), 169-179.

As noted earlier, casinos are becoming a more important part of the

tourism economy, but the development of casino gaming is not without

controversy (Moufakkir Holecek, 2012). Although the Chinese are known for their propensity for gaming

(Blaszczynski, Huynh, Dumlao, Farrell, 1998), casino gaming is

illegal in Mainland China (Mainland China does not include Hong Kong,

Macau and Taiwan). Macau bets future on China: Asian highrollers.

Casino City Newsletter, 3(86), 2.

Giacopassi, D., Stitt, B. Japanese. These include the potential for

economic gain, environmental concerns, socioeconomic status, feelings

about the community, extent of their use of tourism resources, and

perceptions of the impacts of tourism on quality of life (Carmichael,

2000; Lankford Howard, 1994; McCool Martin, 1994; Urn

Crompton, 1987). Journal of

Travel Research, 37(2), 145-155.

411 N. Justice Professional, 14, 151-70.

Faulkner, B. Journal of

Travel Research, 34(3), 3-11.

College of Public Programs

Blaszczynski, A., Farrell, E. UNLV Gaming Research and Review

Journal, 7(2), 13-24.

H2: There is a difference in perception about gaming development

between I residents who live in city center close to the location of the

proposed casino I and those who live outside the city-center.

Jurowski, C., Uysal, M., Williams, D. Current media reports, however, indicate a

growing interest by the Chinese government in establishing casinos in

the Hainan Province. (2011). Retrieved on March 19, 2014, from Davis, D., Allen, J. A. L., Collison, J. (2011). Annals of Tourism Research, 21(1), 121-139.

Baldacchino, G., Tsai, H. Nevertheless, Mazon et al. The first approach is community

attachment”, which refers to an extent or pattern of social

participation and integration in community life (McCool Martin,

1994). Casino

establishment in neighboring countries not only means greater

competition for gamers dollars in the region (Moufakkir, 2002), but also

the likelihood for casinos to serve only local demand. Retrieved on September 16, 2013,

from http://NewsVOAcom

The structure matrix table (Table 7) shows the corelations of each

variable with each discriminant function. (2003). Distance effect on

residents’ attitudes towards tourism. (2007b). L., Vogt, C. N.. (2007). Tourism Management, 5(1), 40-47.

Like all forms of mass tourism, gambling tourism can result in

environmental problems, such as ecological degradation and pollution

(Lee, Kang, Long Reisinger, 2010). Empowerment and stakeholder participation in

tourism destination communities. These Pearson coefficients are

structure coefficients, or discriminant loadings. (2007a). Much participatory planning

and development in China has been, and continues to be, tokenistic with

I higher-order officials consulting residents and lower-order

administrators without seriously taking their concerns to heart,

although this appears to be on the cusp of change (Bao Sun, 2007;

Timothy, 2007). Traditional gambling in

Asia included sports betting, animal races, cards, and cockfights.

Asians used to gamble at home, on the streets, and in some traditional

simplified versions of casinos (Hsu, 2006). (2007). (1985). First mainland casino

“concept opens” in Sanya Resort. (1987). New York: Haworth.

McCool, S., Martin, S. Resident

perception of the impact of limited-stakes community-based casino gaming

in mature gaming communities. J. F., Anderson, E., Tatham, R. H. A discriminant

analysis was used to find out which of the perceptions variables

discriminate the most between the sample groups. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 27(4),


Wan, Y. Results suggest

that more attention should be given to the environmental aspects of

casino gaming.

Casino City. (2011). In A. (2001). Casinos, communities and sustainable

economic development. A

self-administered questionnaire, mail, or Internet survey, or a

combination of survey modes may offer less contaminated results

(Nederhof, 1985). T. R., Long, P. All rights reserved.

Vong, F. K., Lee, C., Yoon, Y., Long, P. Despite the proliferation of casinos,

gambling is still a controversial activity in many places, including

China. M. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(3), 503-526.

York, N. They pointed out that

concerned residents can be categorized into optimists, reserved

optimists, neutral, and skeptics. Casino gaming can be viewed as an economic development

in different guises (Felsenstein Freeman, 1998). Sanya’s population is more than 524,000

comprising some 20 nationalities, including Han, Li, Miao, and Hui.

Different populations may have different perceptions. The questionnaire was administered by a trained interviewer.

After completion of a questionnaire the interviewer would intercept the

next person in the way. (2004). Introduction to casino

and gaming operations. The SPSS output is

enormous, so only the most relevant information is indicated here.

Excerpts from the media (example in Box 1) support this claim.

Blume, C. The bar is 30,000 sq. In addition, Cronbach’s Alpha for the present study

is .825, which also validates the reliability of the instrument used.

The survey also elicited information about demographic characteristics,

participants’ length of residence, and whether or not respondents

reside in the city center (including the bay resort areas) where the

gaming development project was proposed. (2003). T. Abenoja, T. “Going forward, Macau and Singapore will continue to fuel

growth in Asia Pacific during the next few years, while other countries

in the region may look to encourage growth in casino gaming to gain

tourism and tax dollars. (2010).

Residents’ perceptions of casino impacts: A comparative study.

Tourism Management, 31(2), 189-201.

Respondents were asked the generic question “to what extent do

you agree or disagree with casino development in the city? The results

indicate that the greatest majority agrees while about one-fourth were

undecided. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(2),


Given the Chinese interest in gaming and increased travel abroad to

gamble, the government has been assessing the feasibility of allowing

casinos in a few locations in China besides Macau. W. (1999). Gambling

studies show that socio-demographic characteristics, community

attachment, length of residence, and home ownership influence peoples

attitudes and perceptions of gambling and their support for it (Roehl,

1999; Vong, 2008; Kang, Lee, Yoon Long, 2008; Kassinove, 1998).

This study seeks to examine whether there are differences in perceptions

between tourism workers and non-tourism workers, city center dwellers

and those who live outside the city center, and long-term residents and

short-term residents. J. The questionnaires were randomly

collected from July to September 2011. Perceptions are influenced by socio-demographic

characteristics (Spears Boger, 2003), the length and place of

residence (Sheldon Var, 1984), and personal factors (Pizam, 1978;

Kwam McCarthy, 2005). S. Tourism dependence

and host community perceptions. Annals of Tourism Research, 17(4), 610-616.

Garrod, F., Fyall, A. Central Ave., Suite 550

Prentice, R. London: Gambling Compliance.

The Effects of Gaming on Destination Communities

Koh, W. (2008).Resident attitudes towards mountain second-home

tourism development in Norway: The effects of environmental attitudes.

Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 16(6), 664-680.

The literature is divided on the socio-economic benefits and costs

a casino brings to a community (Moufakkir Holecek, 2012). Journal of Real Estate Finance and

Economics, 42(1), 99-114.

Global Gaming Outlook. Casinos, hotels, and crime. (2000). Some 59.1% were childless, and

most were university graduates. E. Timothy, Ph.D.

Hyperinflation is another undesirable economic outcome of casino

based tourism. However, for the time being, gamblers do not win cash

prizes; their winnings can only go toward their stay in the hotel

or purchase of luxury goods at the hotel store. 61.1% resided in the city center; the

rest lived outside the city center.

Henderson, J. K. These include: the

potential for economic gain, environmental attitudes, socioeconomic

status, feelings held about the community, extent of the use of the

tourism resource base, perceptions of the ability to control the

development of tourism, length of residence, and perceptions of the

impact of tourism on the quality of life (Ap, 1990; Carmichael, 2000;

Faulkner Tideswell, 1997; Jurowski, 1994; Jurowski, Uysal

Williams, 1997; Lankford Howard, 1994; Liu, Sheldon Var,

1986; McCool Martin, 1994; Prentice, 1993; Um Compton,

1987). The American National

Gambling Impacts Study Commission (NGISC, 1999) unanimously acknowledged

the complexity of gambling issues, and noted that “along with the

real benefits of gambling come equally undeniable and significant

costs” (p. Beyond hardcore gambling:

Understanding why Mainland Chinese visit casinos in Macau. Journal of Social Psychology, 15, 263-280.

Hair, J. Retrieved on September 14, 2013,




Despite these negative outcomes, many observers have noted the

potential positive economic outcomes of casino-based tourism, including

employment and tax revenue (Carmichael, 2001; Lee, 2011). If the concern is gaining support for gaming,

then pro-development campaigns should target citizens who do not work in

tourism. Lessons from the Atlantic City casino

experience. (1997). Annals of Tourism Research, 17(4), 586-599.

Park, M., Stokowski, P. If more costs become apparent, then

optimists or reserved optimists about the proposed development might

change into skeptic residents (Rwan McCartney, 2005). In

this case, we are interested in learning which of the variables

discriminate the most between tourism workers and non-tourism workers,

between those who live in the city center and those who live outside the

center, and between longtime residents and short-time residents. Tourism: A community approach. Accordingly, the following hypotheses were tested

in this study:

Bao, J., Sun, J. Sanya residents seem to be undecided, or

unconvinced, although this might have little relevance to the reality of

economic and political life on the ground. (1991). Andereck, K. Just over half (52.2%) claimed to be

relatively new residents in Sanya City, while the remainder had lived in

there for five years or longer. non city center dwellers .940 43.326 28 .032

Longtime residents v. McGehee and Andereck (2004), however,

argue that the relationship between community attachment and its

influence on resident attitudes is not yet conclusive. As with the

McCool and Martin study, old-timers in the present study are generally

less favorable toward tourism development, and conversely, newcomers are

more supportive of tourism it.

Kang, S. J., Var, T. Moisey. J., Var, T. (1999). (1998). 217-231.

In China, overt gambling is often associated with evil, although

China used keno-like lottery games to fund the building of the Great

Wall (O’Flahertie, 1995). Since early 2013,

cashless casinos’, where winnings cannot be cashed but can be

traded for goods (e.g. J., Tsai, S. Given the results for people living near the

proposed development versus the others, as well as long-term residents,

urban planners should consider environmentally-friendly, casino-based

facilities and amenities. (2011). A matrix for resident attitudes and

behaviours in a rapidly changing tourist area. Church T. Recently, however, Hainan province is

exploring gaming as a potential revenue source by bringing more tourists

to the region and keeping gaming expenditures at home in China (e.g.,

What’s on Sanya, 2013; echinacities, 2013; Reuters, 2013).


Arizona State University

Ensereink, B., Koppenjan, J. Methods of coping with social desirability

bias: A review. In such a case

instead of having the envisaged expansionary economic effect, gaming

might result in a redistributive effect with a limited contribution to

the local economy (Felsenstein Freeman, 1998).

While social problems may follow casino gaming, there are a few

positive social elements as well. These impacts need to be monitored.

Confirming the results of other studies as noted above, short-time

residents scored the positive social aspects slightly higher than their

counterparts did (e.g., improve quality of life ([bar.x] = 2.97 compared

to [bar.x] = 2.74, with, t = 6,391, p = .012). Only minor differences were recorded between city-dwellers and

those who live outside the city. Journal of

Travel Research, 36(2), 3-11.

Agresti, A. (2008). J., Sheldon, P. (1996). Beyond the casino:

Sustainable tourism and cultural development on Native American lands.

Tourism Geographies, 6(1), 80-98.

Consequently there is a need to find out how local residents think

about such a controversial development in their backyard. Exploring social exchange theory dynamics in

Native American casino settings. Tourism Economics, 17(2), 457-464.

Fredline, E., Faulkner, B. A few researchers have indicated that resident attitudes toward

tourism could be impacted by the distance between their place of

residence and tourism activities (Murphy, 1981; Mason Cheyne 2000;

Sheldon Var, 1984). In May

2011, the Chinese media reported lottery sales of some USD $5.07 billion

during the first quarter of 2010, an increase of 24.5% compared to the

equivalent period a year earlier. Mapping resident perceptions

of gaming impact. Despite its illegality and moral stigma,

Chinese are aggressive risk takers and eager gamers (Casino City, 2002;

Hsu 2006; Timothy Tsai, 2008; Wong Rosenbaum, 2012). As Table 3 shows, there was no statistical

significance in economic perceptions between tourism workers and other

locals. Most resident surveys about gaming have been conducted after

the establishment of casinos in a community. Annals of Tourism Research, 27(2),



Lee, T. (2013). C. recent residents .914 62.664 28 .000

Table 7

Structure Matrices Table for Discriminant Analyses



Tourism workers v. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Keywords: Residents’ attitudes, gaming, casinos, China, Sanya

Carmichael, B. E. Research has also shown that people who

work in tourism are more likely to support its development than other

residents in the same community because it provides jobs, investment

opportunities and ownership potential (Fredline Faulkner, 2000;

Haralambopoulos Pizam, 1996; McGehee Andereck, 2004). (1997). Comparatively,

non-tourism workers think that casino establishment would increase

crime, addiction, family dissolution, divorce, and bankruptcy rates. Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Generally, resident attitude studies have identified factors that

influence perceptions of tourism. Organizational

citizenship behavior in the People’s Republic of China.

Organization Science, 15(2), 241-253.

Summary of results and conclusion

The only difference, although not strong, that exists between the

two groups relates to their opinion about the preservation of local

customs and culture, where those who live in the city center scored

higher than their counterparts ([bar.x] = 2.68 compared to [bar.x] =

2.50, with, t = 3,960, p =.047). These

studies reinforce previous research findings and support the reliability

and validity of the instrument in measuring residents’ attitudes

toward gaming. The

profits of foreign-owned casinos are often directed back to parent

corporations in other countries. Mapping resident

perceptions of gaming impact. Because of its natural, geographical and

cultural advantages, Sanya City is considered the most desired

destination for gaming and therefore a potential competitor for Macau.

It is the southernmost city on the Chinese island, neighboring Macau and

Hong Kong (Figure 1).

Sheldon, P. An integrated resort-casino for Singapore:

Assessing the economic impact. Residents’ perceptions on tourism impacts.

Annals of Tourism Research, 19(4), 665-690.

A Discriminant Analysis (DA) was also conducted. As already noted, the purpose of this study was to test

a series of hypotheses from the literature, and to find out which of the

perception variables are strong predictors between the sample groups.

First, the perceptions of Sanya residents about the potential of gaming

development in their community is presented.


Hsu, C. Tourism Management, 15(4), 247-258.

Phoenix, AZ 85004

Copyright 2014 Gale, Cengage Learning. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 5(1),


Perceptions of casino development-short-time and longtime residents

Tourism workers believe that gaming would increase community pride,

and increase recreational opportunities in the community. Recent residents and tourism workers

appear to be more optimistic than the other groups. Journal of

Hospitality and Tourism Research, 36(1), 32-51.

Ap, J. ‘Casino cannibalism’ may also result as casinos

begin to dominate the local economy, driving out established lodging,

food and entertainment facilities with their own monopolies on these

services, creating sink holes’ rather than growth poles

(Carmichael, 2001).

Mason, P., Cheyne, J. The Philippines created a regulatory framework for casinos under

President Marcos in 1976, despite having a grey casino market since the

1930s (Ashton Korpi, 2008).

O’Flahertie, S. (1986). Global investors watch how chips fall in Chinas

cashless casino bar. Influence of personal factors on Macau residents

gaming impact perceptions. China is

positioning Hainan as an international tourist destination,

approving the construction of 15 large resorts and 63 five-star

hotels as part of the country’s five-year plan. Tideswell, C., 1997. P., Andersen, O., Nellemann, C., Bjerke, T.,

Thrane, C. Most studies examine different endogenous variables that

might affect resident views, including age, income, gender, education,

and ethnicity (Andereck Vogt, 2000; Easterling, 2004; Harrill,

2004; McGehee Andereck, 2004).

The results of this study support the literature (e.g., Carmichael,

2000; Eadington, 1986; Caneday Zeiger, 1991) that, generally,

residents are somewhat ambivalent towards casino-based tourism

development. Planners and managers should be sensitive to

the environmental concerns of those residents and should communicate

what they are doing to minimize the impact of development on the

environment to reduce opposition based on environmental concerns.

Murphy, P. Tourism Management, 14, 218-27.

Over the past three decades, gambling has grown rapidly and gained

popularity all over the world. Singapore: Institute of Policy Studies.

Blaszczynski, A., Huynh, S., Dumlao, V. Journal of Travel Research, 27, 2-8.

Gaming communities differ from one another and from non gaming

communities. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54(6),


Lankford, S., Howard, D. (2004). While such an evaluation for a tourism development proposal is

difficult because of different local variables (Pizam, 1978; Liu

Var, 1986; Sheldon Var; 1984; Perdue, Long, Allen, 1987;

Ayres, 2000), the case with casino gaming development is even more

problematic because so many controversies revolve around gambling

(Moufakkir Holecek, 2012; Timothy Tsai 2008).

Promoting tourist destinations rarely finds success without the

support of local residents (App, 1992). The Economics of Casino Gambling. Piazam (1978), among others (Andereck Vogt, 2000;

Caneday Zeiger, 1991; Jurowski et al., 1997; Milman Pizam,

1988; Perdue, Long Allen, 1990; Mazon, Huete Mantecon,

2009), found that residents working in the tourism industry were more

likely to support tourism development than those who do not work in the

industry. 88). In the same period, the gross revenue

of Macau casinos was USD $5.13 billion, a 57.3% increase from the

previous year (Kareem, 2011).

The sample consists of 711 cases. London: Prentice-Hall.

Kwan, A. (2005). H., Rudd, D. Therefore

more research is continuously needed to anticipate change and foresee

the consequences.

Reece, W. Gaming can also help stimulate

entrepreneurial activity within the destination community. One is increased community pride among

residents and the preservation of local customs (Vong MacCartney,

2005). (2006). Developing a tourism impact

attitude scale. Gambling is

currently only open to hotel guests, however locals will be allowed

to gamble too once the project is completed. The

Casino Bar marks the first time the Chinese government has

experimented with developing a gambling industry in the mainland

(Source: eChinacities).


While the Chinese government does not permit casinos in the country

outside of Macau, Zhang – ranked by Forbes as one of the country’s

300 richest people in 2012 I with $600 million – said Hainan could

become an exception. The casino bar, with 50 gaming tables now, is

currently open only to hotel guests, but when the resort is

completed, local residents will be allowed in. This is because the industry provides economic benefits

to them directly. (1998). Resident

support for gambling as a tourism development strategy. Differences in community

participation in tourism development between China and the West. Chinese

Sociology Anthropology, 39(3), 9-27.


Lee, C., Kim, S., Kang, S. Increased traffic associated

with casino clusters in Las Vegas has created pollution levels far above

the maximum standards set by the US Environmental Protection Agency

(York Lee, 2010). Berlin:


MrGehee. The theory and practice of Chinese grassroots

governance: Five models. There are, however, more variables that discriminate

between longtime and short-time residents, with destroy natural

environment, increase water pollution, and increase congestion as the

strongest discriminators.

Um, S., Crompton, J. (1996). (2000). In the case of the United States, many casino employees

live in neighboring states (Chhabra, 2007a), so their earnings and taxes

are often leaked out as well. The sum of amounts of real wealth reduced is

the cost for those who are harmed” (Walker, 2007, p. Resident attitudes toward tourism

impacts in Hawaii. The questionnaire was written

in English and back translated to Mandarin Chinese. G., Nichols, M. Tourism Management, 2(3), 188-195.

Felsenstein D. (2004). Although some critics argue that indigenous people performing

their rituals and dances at resorts and casinos degrades the cultural

value of heritage traditions, others have noted how such activities can

help build solidarity and community esteem within a native society

(Mattern, 1996). Journal of Travel Research,

25(3), 27-29.

Gaming Inspection and Coordination Bureau. C. Likewise, in many countries, casinos

are staffed by foreign workers, many of whom send their earnings home as

remittances. Community

perception of casino gambling’s effect on crime in new gambling

jurisdictions. (2004). L., Black, W.C. Outlook in the 21st century.

Department of Hotel Restaurant Institution, 21(2), 15-17.

Milman, A., Pizam, A. Furthermore, of the nine other

perception items that are more linked to environmental issues, city

center dwellers supported more the statement that tourism development

would destroy the physical environment ([bar.x] = 3.75, [bar.x] = 3.58,

t = 4,499, p = .034).

Studies on residents’ attitudes toward tourism have identified

factors that influence resident support for tourism. One of

the most common community perceptions regarding gambling is that it

results in increased crime rates, and there is some research evidence to

support this (Grinols Mustard, 2006; Reece, 2010). (1990). (2004). Residents’ perceptions research on the social

impacts of tourism. UNLV

Gaming Research Review Journal, 8(1), 13-30.

Browne, M., Kubasek, N. meals,

accommodation), have operated on Hainan Island, with operators arguing

they have the government’s blessing, while the government maintains

they are illegal and have cracked down on them on more than one

occasion. By 2015, the Asia Pacific market will reach

$79.3 billion from $34.3 billion in 2010, an 18.3 percent compound

annual increase” (Global Gaming Outlook, 2015).

Perceptions of casino development–tourism workers and non-tourism


Respondents were asked to rate their opinions of perception

statements on a 5-point Likert-type scale with 1 representing strongly

disagree and 5 strongly agree. Contested enclave

metageographies: The offshore islands of Taiwan. First, a series of independent

t-tests were computed to check for differences between groups. Pearce R. short-time residents

Destroy natural environment .482

Increase water pollution .469

Increase level of traffic congestion .424

Increase quantity of littering .392

Making living cost higher .356

Preserve local custom and culture -.340

Increase visitors crowding .340

Increase noise level .336

Increase opportunity for using recreational facilities .317

Improve quality of life .309

Increase occurrence of alcohol and drug abuse .303

Improve working conditions .301

Note: Pooled within-groups correlations between discriminating

variables and standardized canonical discriminant functions.

Variables ordered by absolute size of correlation within function

COPYRIGHT 2014 UNLV Gaming Research Review Journal

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Chhabra, D. Advocates argue that

gambling brings in much-needed regional income and jobs, while opponents

argue that it harms communities, families and individual lives (Wan,


Timothy, D. non-tourism workers, city-center

dwellers v. It was 29.2 percent in 2010, and it is

forecast to reach 43.4 percent in 2015 (Global Gaming Outlook, 2015).

Gambling has become an important part of the tourism economies of

several Asian countries since 1999, including South Korea, Cambodia,

Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore,

Vietnam, and Macau, with several more countries considering adopting

casinos as a way of drawing foreign tourists (Ashton Korpi, 2008;

Kang Hsu, 2000). J. A detailed

analysis in Table 2 suggests that there is a belief that this

development base would very likely benefit the community economically,

but will have a negative impact socially and environmentally. (2004). Living costs increase for tourists and residents (Vong

MacCartney, 2005). Macau: Must Read


Jarowski and Gursoy (2004) studied resident attitudes in relation

to distance from tourist attractions and found that residents who live

close to the tourism resource base have a negative perception of the

benefits of tourism and are not likely to support tourism development,

probably because of fear that their ability to use the recreational

resources may be impaired by tourist crowds. UNLV Gaming Research Review Journal,

12(1), 15-28.

Murphy, P. In Tourism recreation and sustainability, edited

by S.F.I McCool and R.N. Retrieved on September 16, 2013, from


This study examined the perceptions of Sanya residents about the

proposed casino development and broader plans for gaming in their

community. While both

groups seem to agree on the negative externalities attributed to gaming

development, non-tourism residents were more likely to support this

activity as it might potentially improve working conditions, public

utilities and infrastructure linked to tourism, and increased

recreational opportunities for locals.

Gambling addictions are frequently to blame for social

deterioration, breakdown of families, loss of employment, drug and

alcohol use, prostitution, deterioration of mental and physical health,

and suicide (Blaszczynski Farrell, 1998; Chhabra, 2007b; Phillips,

2007; Wan 2012). Resident attitude

surveys have been used by planners and policymakers in order to gain

local support for tourism projects and initiatives. It is crucial, therefore, that residents are empowered in

decision making and that their perceptions and attitudes about tourism

are well understood by planners and destination managers. The spread of casinos and their role in

tourism development. P. In particular, the study evaluates the

difference in perception between tourism workers and non-tourism

workers, residents who live in the city center where the casino

development project is planned and those who live outside the city

center, and short-term residents and longterm residents. This study found differences in perception

between groups, and these need to be taken into consideration for

enlightened and strategic decision-making.

Nederhof, A. W. Australian casinos: Responsible

gambling initiatives, 1999-2008. The lack of

gaming opportunities in other parts of China has stimulated the growth

of casinos in Myanmar and Vietnam near the borders of China. The

results are presented in the structure matrix table. Residents

attitude surveys have been widely used in tourism to assess residents

attitudes towards tourism development (Davis, Allen Cosenza, 1988;

Garrod Fyall, 1998; Jurowski, 1994; Sheldon Abenoja, 2001).

Liu, C. Gaming

statistics. February 19, 2013. (2008, June 9). Freeman D. In this study, support for the

potential economic impacts is recognized by residents, while they also

seem to hold more negative perceptions regarding the social and

environmental impacts of casino gaming. M. This allowed the interviewer to acquire a

sizable sample of people who work and do not work in tourism.

Respondents were asked whether or not they were employed in tourism.

Once screened, they were briefly introduced to the research topic and

told the purpose of the study. Tourism Management,

21(6), 601-611.

H3: There is a difference in perception about gaming development

between I short-term residents and long-term residents.

Gaming as a source of entertainment and leisure has existed in Asia

for centuries. (1998). G. Nearby Japan, one of the most popular foreign destinations for

Chinese tourists, is also considering changing its laws banning casinos

and other forms of gambling as a means of improving the country’s

tourism economy. Resident attitudes toward tourism: A longitudinal

study of the Spey Valley, Scotland. Journal of

Gambling Studies, 14(4), 359-380.

Perceptions of casino development–city center and exurban


Mattern, M. (2008). The

variables which discriminate the most between these two groups are

improve working conditions, increase bankruptcy, and ‘increase

occurrence of crime’.

Braunlich, C. This is the proportion of the

total variance in the discriminant scores not explained by differences

among groups. A. In light of this change, national and provincial leaders

ought to heed the concerns of local residents, even though there is a

tradition in Chinese culture and under communism of conformity with

ruling classes (Farh, Zhong Organ, 2004). Changes in selected economic and social

indicators associated with the establishment of casinos in the City of

Detroit: A Case Study. Casinos, crime and

community costs. A baseline evaluation of casino

air quality after enactment of Nevada’s Clean Indoor Air Act.

Public Health Nursing, 27(2), 158-163.

Marshall, L. Arguments have also been made

that legalized gambling helps stem the flow of money out of the economy,

as locals will remain at home to play rather than spending their money

elsewhere (Gazel, 1998).

Goodman, R. Survey says Asia’s gaming revenue

likely to surpass that of US by 2012. (2008). R. Annals of the American Academy of Political and

Social Science, 556(1), 66-84.

The findings of this study suggest that residents are likely to

react differently depending on their length of residency. In O.

Moufakkir P. echinacities.


Saxion University of Applied Sciences

Easterling, D. Should we encourage expansion

of the casino gaming industry? Review of Business, 18(3), 9-14.

While Macau offers world class casinos, casino gaming is not

legalized in Mainland China. Measuring residents’

attachment levels in a host community. The interplay of elements affecting host

community resident attitudes toward tourism: A path analytic approach.

PhD dissertation. However, other

studies suggest that not all gaming destinations experience higher

levels of crime than non-gaming destinations (Moufakkir, 2005; Park

Stokowski, 2011).

Ap, J. Despite the

proliferation of casinos and the popularity of gaming, casino gaming

remains a contested economic development activity. L., Boger, C. Northampton, MA: United States Gambling Study.

Recent residents believe that casinos would increase income,

preserve culture, improve employees working conditions, increase

recreational opportunities, and improve quality of life. (1995). (2010). Gambling tourism also has the potential to develop

recreational and cultural opportunities for community members, improve

educational and health-care facilities, and preserve heritage sites and

living cultures through the economic benefits of gaming (Braunlich,

1996; Browne Kubasek, 1997).

Ashton, H., Korpi, L. However, while both mean scores tend to show support for the

social perception statements, the means of non-tourism workers were

higher. Casino industry in Asia Pacific: Development,

operation, and impact. The first casino opened in South

Korea in 1967. This study assesses the perceptions of residents

about potential gaming development in their community. UNLV Gaming Research Review

Journal, 11 (2), 31-48.

Resident perceptions of gambling and tourism

Harrill (2004) proposed three ways of understanding people’s

attitudes towards casino development. Retrieved on September 16, 2013, from


HI: There is a difference in perception about gaming development

between I tourism workers and non-tourism workers.

Spears, D. Abingdon: Routledge.

Caneday, L., 8c Zeiger, J. Simulating the impacts of

gambling in a tourist location: Some evidence from Israel. The

only form of legal gambling is the increasingly popular lottery. Journal of Political Science, 4(2),


The social costs of gaming tourism can be summed up as “a

reduction in social real wealth. Many researchers use the

structure matrix correlations because they are considered more accurate

than the Standardized Canonical Discriminant Function Coefficients

(Agresti, 1996). Community-driven tourism planning and

residents’ preferences. This approach holds that individuals who do not

directly receive economic benefits from gambling are not expected to

support further tourism development (Harrill, 2004; Kaltenborn,

Andersen, Nellemann, Bjerke Thrane, 2008; Oviedo-Garcia,

Castellanos-Verdugo Martin-Ruiz, 2008). Community attitudes to tourism: A comparative

analysis. The economic impact of opening a gaming venue in

Australia. M., Paradis, T. Gaining residents support for tourism and planning.

International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(2), 95-109.

Sheldon, P. non-workers .847 115.722 25 .000

City-center v. Support for gaming depends on

how the host population perceives the impacts of casino development

(Giacopassi et al., 2001). non-city center dwellers

Opportunity to gamble at casino in Sanya .323

Destroy natural environment .314

Longtime residents v. (1996). Identifying these can help in

decision-making. (2012). A series of

hypotheses were tested. Several

studies have found that, the longer residents live in a place, the more

they oppose tourism (Harrill, 2004; Lankford Howard, 1994),

although some studies in different contexts have found different results

(McGehee Andereck, 2004). Journal of Travel Research, 32(3),

29 34.

China Post (2013). (1985). (1978). Journal of Travel

Research, 50(3), 289-302.

Kaltenborn, B. In D. B., Organ, D.W. (1998). Legalized

casinos are widely viewed as a viable economic development tool (Hsu,

2006; Perdue, Long, Kang, 1995) and can effect economic,

environmental and socio-cultural changes in the destination community.

All three types of changes can be viewed as negative or positive

outcomes in the context of gambling tourism, and attitudes towards

gambling will depend on whether those changes are going to improve or

deteriorate one’s quality of life (Harrill, Uysal, Cardon, Vong

Dioko, 2011).

Moufakkir, O., Holecek, D. (1994). Some people re-mortgage their homes, get loans, or

liquidate their retirement funds to feed gaming addictions (Goldman,


Eadington, W. Public participation in

China: Sustainable urbanization and governance. The

dependent variables in this study are the 25 perception statements and

are based upon tourism workers v. Thus, Chinese wishing to play in casinos are required

to travel abroad or to Macau. More than half (51.6%)

were single, while 34.4% were married. The

rationale for undertaking resident attitude surveys during or after

tourism development in general or for a specific tourism development

strategy is to assess the perceived benefits and costs of the strategy

with the objective of controlling its direction towards a more favorable

outcome (Kwan McCartney, 2004). It should be noted that during data

collection tourism workers demonstrated more interest in this study than

did other residents.


Hospitality Business School

Goldman, A. Cole (Eds.),

Tourism, Power and Space (pp. M. The second approach comes from “growth machine” theory

where gambling is regarded as a driving force for a community’s

economic growth. Gendered social exchange theory variations

across the life span in casino settings. (2007). More research is needed among different stakeholders

on Hainan Island, including people in the resort areas and in other

parts of the island where tourism is not well developed, to understand

broader community perspectives on gambling and its future potential.

Discriminant Analysis

Perdue, R., Long, P., Allen, L. Following this, the market was dominated for many years

by the Paradise Group. London:


Mazon, T., Huete, R., Mantecon, A. A case series of 44

completed gambling-related suicides. The

literature argues that differences in perception exist between resident


One of the most obvious negative economic outcomes is leakage,

where money earned by casinos leaks out of the destination economy. (2005). (2009). (1993). (2012). 185). (1992). Burns (Eds.), Controversies in Tourism (pp.

125-143). They then propose that

tourism planners should take measures to protect the use of the resource

base for the locals or enhance the ability to use it. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Some studies find the longer residents live in a destination the

more they oppose tourism (Lankford Howard, 1994; McCool

Martin, 1994; Harrill, 2004). Residents’ attitudes to

proposed tourism development. “To some extent, the approval of gaming on Chinese soil is

inevitable,” said Gary Pinge, analyst at Macquarie Group in Hong

Kong. As Table 1 indicates, most

respondents were between 18 and 45 years old. A lambda of 1.00 occurs when observed group means are

equal (all the variance is explained by factors other than difference

between those means), while a small lambda occurs when within-group

variability is small compared to the total variability. The Discriminant Analysis shows that only a

few variables discriminate between the sample groups. It suggests that if people receive more

benefits than costs from an exchange, they will more likely be involved

in it. Owing largely to the potential threat of neighboring states

and territories allowing large-scale casino gaming, the Chinese

government is considering allowing limited casino development in

well-established resort areas, such as Hainan. More precisely, 15.6% strongly disagree, 18.8% disagree,

30.5% agree, 9% strongly agree, and 26% are undecided. (1994). The third approach is

“social exchange theory”, which focuses on resource exchanges

between individuals and groups. (2005). Matsu population jumps after casino referendum.

The China Post, 28 January, 2013. (2002). (1996). The social, economic, and

environmental costs of tourism to a gambling community as perceived by

its residents. One of the

purposes of DA is to investigate differences between groups on the basis

of case attributes, indicating which attributes contribute most to group

separation. Journal of Travel Research, 44(2), 177-187.

Dallen J. American Indian Culture and Research Journal,

20(4), 183-201.

Previous studies on resident perceptions of tourism and gaming

development have identified economic, social, and environmental

dimensions using measurement scales consisting of 10 to 30 items (Pizam

1978; Liu Var 1986; Perdue et al., 1990; Ap Crompton, 1993;

Giacoppacssi, Stitt Nichols, 2001; Spears Boger, 2003; Lee,

Kim Kang, 2003; Kwan McCartney, 2005). (1981). The table identifies the

largest absolute correlations associated with each discriminant



Gambling-based controversies can help destination planners and

managers learn from the mistakes and successes of others. A similar study profiling clusters by demographic

variables “could help authorities and casino operators label

various stakeholder groups at various stages of gaming development”

(p. (2006). (1995). L., Lee, K. A., Rosenbaum, M. , Kang, Y. Journal of Travel

Research 16(4), 8-12.


Casino gaming has been touted as a means of stimulating the tourism

economy (Goodman, 1994; Piner Paradis, 2004; Henderson, 2006).

Nevertheless, controversial issues arise whenever and wherever casino

development is considered (Janes Collison, 2004, Kang et al.,

2008; Moufakkir, 2002; Roehl, 1999; Vong, 2008). Development of the gambling attitude

scales: Preliminary findings. (2000). These

two variables and where inhabitants live in relation to the city are

important variables in the context of Sanya City and are examined in

this study. Inside Asian gaming. Taiwan,

too, where gambling is still illegal on the mainland but legislative

maneuvers are beginning to allow it on the peripheral islands

(Baldacchino Tsai, 2014), earlier considered building casinos

offshore on its Penghu Islands to attract players from China (Timothy

Tsai, 2008), although a 2009 public referendum in Penghu voted

down the plan (Baldacchino Tsai, 2014). Asian countries are awakening to the

potential of commercial gaming and finding innovative models to attract

players from across Asia and the globe, as many countries believe

gambling to be a lucrative source of revenue. New support (2012-2013) in

Taiwan’s Matsu Islands for the development of a casino there may

result in the establishment of a large-scale casino, and there are other

options being mulled around for casino development on Taiwan’s

peripheral islands and near the international airport (China Post,

2013). The purpose for conducting such a

survey prior to the proposed development is either to adopt the strategy

as a benefit to the community or reject it and select a more favorable

one. The case for other

perception items is also similar, in that short-time residents seem to

score higher on statements with positive connotations than those that

support a negative externality (see Table 5).

Chhabra, D. The hypotheses

here posited that residents who had been living in Sanya for five years

or longer were less likely to be positive about gaming development than

more recent residents. L., Zhong, C. (1990). Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, East Lansing,

Michigan: Michigan State University.

Handelskade 75, Deventer

Study Hypotheses

Oviedo-Garcia, M., Castellanos-Verdugo, M., Martin-Ruiz, D.

(2008). Planners and

investors are exploring ways to allow gaming for tourism development on

the holiday island of Hainan. The hypothesis was

based on the assumption that respondents who reside in the city center,

where gaming development is proposed, were more likely to express

negative perceptions of casinos because of the potential negative and

positive attributes that are associated with tourism development in

general. Factors predicting rural


Table 6 provides one way in the DA results of indicating the

relative importance of the predictors. (2001). S. Long-time

residents, however, think that the opening of casinos would increase the

cost of living in the community, alcohol and drug-use, visitor crowding,

litter in the streets, traffic congestion, noise and pollution levels,

as well as destroy the natural environment. Host community reactions:

A cluster analysis. Community leader

perceptions of the social and economic impacts of Indian gaming. (2008). London: Routledge.

Other researchers have studied the influence of inhabitants’

length of residence in the destination and whether or not they are

employed in tourism on their perceptions of tourism development. Journal of Business Research, 44(3), 223-229. . Beyond the rhetoric of

sustainable tourism? Tourism Management, 19(3), 199-212.

Timothy, D. I. A small lambda

indicates that group means appear to differ (Hair et al., 1998). The questionnaire

was piloted on 13 respondents.

Janes, P. These significant

values indicate that the group means appear to differ (Table 6).

Phillips, D. Perceptions of casino

impacts: A Korean longitudinal study. Journal of Travel Research, 44(2005),


Vong, F., MacCartney, G. The term wealth is not only money, it

is the individual value. Tourism impacts: The social costs of the

destination community as perceived by its residents. Betting on casino tourism in Asia:

Singapore’s integrated resorts. Eyes on casino gaming in Sanya: Making the case

First Mainland “Cashless Casino Concept” Opens in Sanya Resort

The Casino Bar recently opened at the Mangrove Tree Resort in Sanya

Bay. (2006). Resident

perception of the environmental impacts of tourism. Casinos are the next big thing. In 2002 Macau had 11 casinos; it counts 35 casinos

today (Gaming Inspection and Coordination Bureau, 2013). Wilks’ Lambda is the ratio of within-groups sums

of squares to the total sums of squares. Butler, Contemporary

issues in tourism development (pp. (1988): Social impacts of tourism on

central Florida. (2009) found that respondents whose

work was linked to tourism were also more critical about tourism

development than their counterparts, because the former have a deeper

knowledge of the potential negative impacts of tourism in general, in

addition to their economic dependency on this economic base.

Gazel, R. Anatolia, 18(1), 145-152.

Resident perceptions about gaming development

Wiley J. Table 4 shows that while all respondents appear to be positive

about the potential economic benefits of gaming, there were no

statistically significant differences between the two sample groups.

With regard to the social statements, both sets of respondents believe

this type of tourism development would create negative social costs,

such as increased use of pawn shops, crime, gambling addiction and

prostitution. This study aims to take a

pre-emptive approach to survey the situation before casinos are built.

In short, successful tourism development depends on the cooperation of

local communities (Lankford, 1994; Murphy, 1985). L., Farrell, E.

(1998). Casinos are

well-known magnets for other businesses that open to cater to the needs

of gamers (Walker, 2007; Moufakkir, 2002). In China, these results bear

unique and interesting implications. For the most part, decisions are

made not at local levels, but rather at national and provincial levels

and typically imposed on lower-order governments and communities

(Ensereink Koppenjan, 2007; He, 2003). (2007). Retrieved on November 25,

2007, from



Box 1. Respondents, however, were assured confidentiality and

anonymity, a strategy that reduces social desirability bias. The

associated significance value indicates whether the difference is

significant. Given

the negative and positive impacts of casinos, it is certain that

communities considering gaming would have some concerns about its

influences. P. For instance, Macau has a

gaming history dating back to the 19th century and was a monopoly-based

jurisdiction with Stanley Ho’s company holding the sole concession

for casino gaming from 1962 to 2002. Not all casinos

are equally successful business ventures, and not all casino developers

keep their promises to the community (Moufakkir, 2005).


Kwan and McCartney (2005) have developed clusters based on

residents’ beliefs about gaming in Macao. Journal of Travel Research, 30(2), 45-49.

Not all residents hold the same perceptions. Positive attributes, including improved quality of life,

preservation of local culture, or increased community pride, all scored


Lee, C-K., Kang, S., Long, P., Reisinger, Y. Annals of Tourism Research, 15(2), 191-204.

Data were processed with SPSS 20. The local government

is very supportive of the project, and is in the process of making

changes to the current regulations that prohibit gambling. Resident attitudes to tourism

in North Wales. Support for gaming development depends on perceived

economic, social, and environmental benefits and costs (Canaday

Zeiger, 1991; Carmichael, 2000). In many Asian cultures, betting-type games are an

integral part of peoples lives. Non-tourism residents were more likely to agree that casinos

would increase crime ([bar.x] = 3.85 compared to [bar.x] -3.48, t =

16,809, p = .001), gambling addiction, divorces, and bankruptcies.

However, tourism workers were more likely to think that gaming would

increase community pride ([bar.x] =2.92, t = 7,847, p =.005). Problem gaming within a Chinese speaking community. (2000). A residents attitude study about

gaming impact in Macau by (Kwan McCartney, 2005) resulted in a

response rate of 74.6%. The economic impacts of casino gambling at the

state and local levels. Resident support for

tourism development. It has been recognized

that tourism development is usually justified on the basis of perceived

benefits and costs. In many small gambling communities, tourist

traffic exceeds local traffic during high seasons, resulting in thick

congestion, driving hazards, noise and increased air pollution (Perdue

et al., 1995).

the Netherlands

Kang, S., Hsu, C. (2012). Annals of Tourism Research, 27(3), 763-784.

Harrill, R., Uysal, M., Cardon, P.W., Vong, F., Dioko, L.

(2011). Casino gaming and crime:

Comparisons among gaming counties and other places. Journal of Travel and Tourism

Marketing, 17(4), 45-62.

Reuters. (2004). (1984). Tourism Management, 29(4), 681-694.

Andereck, K. Legalized gambling as a strategy for economic

development. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(2), 193-214.

Positioning casino gaming development in the minds of residents

does not necessarily mean that it will be a success. G. Discriminant Analysis

was used to investigate differences between groups on the basis of the

attributes of the cases, indicating which attributes contribute most to

group separation (Hair, Anderson, Tatham Black, 1998).

Limitations and suggestions for future research

In 2010, Macau attracted 27 million visitors, of which about 75%

were from mainland China and Hong Kong, many of whom go for gaming

purposes. The negative items scored

higher among longtime residents, including an increase in alcoholism and

drug use, where longtime inhabitants scored a mean of 3.71 compared to

3.51 among the others (f = 6,130, p = 0.14). L., Mustard, D. jewelry, artwork) or services (e.g. Resident attitude

surveys can enlighten policy and development decisions (Harril, 2004).

Other studies suggest that resident attitudes about tourism may be

affected by the distance between their homes and the main tourism

activities (Murphy, 1981; Mason Cheyne 2000). A Framework for monitoring

community impacts of tourism. The social, economic and environmental

impacts of casino gaming in Macao: The community leader perspective.

Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(5), 737-755.

Moufakkir, O. Generally, like factor

loadings, 0.30 is seen as the cut-off between important and less

important variables (Hair et al., 1998). (2002). Therefore, it is important

to understand residents’ attitudes toward gambling from the

perspective of both benefits and costs to the destination. Residents perceptions and

attitudes towards Native American Gaming (NAG) in Kansas: Demographics,

policies, and future development. (1987). Respondents (residents) were randomly

intercepted by the interviewer in the streets, parks, hotels,

restaurants and at tourist attractions, and asked to participate in the

study. The Powwow as a public arena for negotiating

unity and diversity. They also found

that those who live far from the tourism attraction were more concerned

with the negative environmental impacts of the attractions. Their success may depend on whether local casinos

constitute a “destination casino”, which offers gambling

within a mega-resort context with accommodations, retail, meeting

facilities, and dining and entertainment opportunities. Property values sometimes increase so much that

it results in the displacement of locals who can no longer afford to buy

land or pay their property taxes (Marshall Rudd, 1996; Wiley

Walker, 2011). The residents’ perspective in tourism

research: A review and synthesis. P. In an exploratory study about

Macao residents’ perceptions of the impact of gaming development

(Kwan McCartney, 2005), perception items with the highest score

are similar to those in this study, and relate to economic benefits;

whereas those with a lower score relate to environmental and social


Jurowski, C. Cosenza, J. Stakeholder views of

legalized casino gambling in Taiwan: Taiwanese student perceptions.

Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 6(1), 77-94.

Omar Moufakkir, Ph.D.

Getz, D. International Journal of Tourism Research, 13(1), 41-53.

According to Koh (2004), the Asian share of world revenue from

gaming was 22.4 percent in 2004. Here, the Lambda of 0.847, 0.940, and 0.914 are large,

which suggests that the group differences are small. (1988).

Segmenting local resident by their attitudes, interest, and opinions

toward tourism. (1999). Annals of Tourism

Research, 14, 17-37.

Piner, J. Notes on the social exchange theory.

Revista Encontros Cientificos–Tourism Management Studies,

Encontros Cientificos n.5 Faro 2009. (1998).

Multivariate Analysis. (2006). V. Political Geography,

40, 13-24.

Understanding resident attitudes toward tourism is valuable because

the community can either be supportive or antagonistic (Getz, 1994).

Community support is vital to tourism’s success because tourism

uses the destination environment and culture as a resource, and the

people are an important part of the product (Murphy, 1985; Timothy 1999;

2007). A theoretical

analysis of host community resident reactions to tourism. In particular, the study evaluates the difference in

perception between tourism workers and non-tourism workers, effects of

proximity to the proposed casino location, and community members’

length of residence in Sanya on their perceptions of the development.

Results may help planners and policymakers with their decisions. Annals of Tourism Research,

31(2), 296-312.

At the time of writing, Macau is the only place in China where

casinos are legal. Other forms of “illegal leakage”

also exist, such as tax evasion and money laundering (Eadington, 1999).

Thus, overall only a few variables in the model appear to be

important discriminators between the groups, with only three for tourism

workers versus their counterparts, namely improve working condition,

increase bankruptcy, and increased crime, and two for city and non-city

center dwellers. Annals of Tourism Research, 26(2), 371-391.

Liu, C. Management of

Environmental Quality, 18(4), 459-474.

Previous studies suggest that residents who work in tourism are

more likely than other residents in the same community to support

tourism because of its potential economic benefits (Fredline

Faulkner, 2000; Haralambopoulos Pizam, 1996; McGehee

Andereck, 2004). As Chinese spend

their money in new casinos across Asia from the Philippines to

Vietnam, pressure is growing on Beijing to keep more gamblers at

home. The interviewer made it clear that the

statements were hypothetical. Community support is critical to the success of tourism

because it uses the destination as part of the product.

Pizam, A. “With regional markets already vying for a share of the

Chinese gambling wallet, unless China brings gaming onto its own

shores, it will not only lose tax revenues to other countries, but

also the multiplier effect from the consumption spend (Source:

Reuters, 2013).

Kareem, J. UNLV Gaming Research

and Review Journal, 9(1), 15-28.

Literature Review

Roehl, W. 127-143). 10). (2004). On the other hand, longtime residents believe more

strongly that casinos would increase the cost of living (x= 3.86

compared to x= 3.65, with, t = 8,487, p =.004).

Walker, D. Casino revenues and retail

property values: The Detroit case. Residents support for tourism development will depend on their

perception of the benefits and costs resulting from this activity (Ap,

1990; 1992). Contemporary

Economic Policy, 28(2), 145-161.

eChinacities. Utilizing local concerns

and recommendations by the people who live in the destination will build

goodwill and help tourism to develop in ways that are in line with local

mores and social networks.

Jurowski, C., Gursoy, D. Table 5 suggests that while both groups seem to

agree on the potential economic benefits, recent residents tend to agree

more with the statement that residents’ income would probably

increase from casino development (x = 3.51 compared to x = 3.34, with, t

= 3,847, p =.050). Wallingford: CABI, pp. The present

instrument was based on 25 attitude items gleaned from the resident

attitude and gaming literature, largely derived from a comprehensive

list of gaming impact issues used by Lee, Kim and Kang (2003). When addicted

gamblers lose, crime wins. You bet there’s a problem. (1994). non-tourism workers

Improve working condition .466

Increase bankruptcy .403

Increase occurrence of crime .362

City center dwellers v. J. A. (2007). Also, as stated

earlier, tourism workers were more responsive to the questionnaire than

their counterparts, and therefore responses may suffer from social

desirability. In response,

there is a growing literature on destination residents’ perceptions

of tourism. (1996). An Introduction to Categorical Data Analysis.

Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Moufakkir, O. Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(1), 28-45.

Timothy, D. Street surveys took place in

mornings and afternoons. Journal of Travel Research, 39(1), 27-36.

Table 1

Overall Sample Demographic Characteristics (N=711)


Male 52.0%

Female 48.0%

Years lived in Sanya

Less than 5 years 52.2%

5 years longer 47.8%

Education level

High school or less 15.6%

Junior college 18.1%

Bachelor 46.1%

Postgraduate or over 13.4%

Other 6.8%


Below 18 5.3%

18-25 35.6%

26-35 23.6%

36-45 20.7%

46-55 9 1%

56-75 5.2%

Over 75 0.4%


Student 21.1%

Skilled worker 8.9%

Marketing sales 12.0%

Administrative mgt 7.9%

Technical staff 8.3%

Public servant 9.1%

Professional 12.1%

Unemployed 1.1%

Other 19.5%

Have children

Yes 40.9%

No 59.1%

Where they live

City center 61.1%

Outside city center 38.9%

Marital status

Single 51.6%

Married 34.4%

Divorced 10.0%

Widowed 3.9%

Monthly income

Less than RMB 3,000 49.8%

RMB 3,000-5,000 24.2%

RMB 5,001-7,000 15.0%

RMB 7,001-10,000 5.9%

Over 10,000 5.1%

Table 2

Residents’ Attitudes towards Casino Development in Sanya


Positive impacts

Increase tourist spending 3.69

Increase employment 3.83

Increase tax revenues 4.10

Improve infrastructure 3.35

Improve working conditions 2.91

Increase income of residents 3.43

Improve quality of life 2.86

Preserve local custom and culture 2.58

Increase pride of local residents 2.78

Increase recreational opportunities 3.70

Negative impacts

Increase use of pawn shops 3.86

Increase occurrence of crime 3.68

Increase addiction to gambling 3.65

Increase destruction of family 3.52

Increase occurrence of prostitution 3.72

Increase occurrence of divorce 3.40

Increase bankruptcy 3.64

Increase alcoholism and drug abuse 3.61

Making living cost higher 3.77

Increase visitors crowding 4.17

Increase quantity of littering 3.87

Increase level of traffic congestion 3.78

Destroy natural environment 3.67

Increase noise levels 3.83

Increase water pollution 3.64

Note: 1=Strongly disagree, 5=Strongly agree

Table 3

Perceptions of Tourism Workers and Non-tourism

Workers towards Gaming Development in Sanya


Tourism tourism

workers workers Total t-test p-value

Positive impacts

Increase tourist spending 3.6 3.76 3.69 2.779 .096

Increase employment 3.78 3.88 3.83 1.257 .263

Increase tax revenues 4.02 4.16 4.10 2.863 .091

Increase resident income 3.41 3.44 3.43 .119 .730

Improve quality of life 2.90 2.83 2.86 .519 .472

Preserve local customs 2.64 2.52 2.58 1.751 .186


Increase community pride 2.92 2.67 2.78 7.847 .005

Improve infrastructure 3.20 3.48 3.35 9.239 .002

Improve working conditions 2.64 3.12 2.91 27.774 .001

Increase recreational 3.81 3.61 3.70 5.520 .019


Negative impacts

Increase use of pawn shops 3.87 3.86 3.86 .009 .924

Increase cost of living 3.73 3.80 3.77 .841 .359

Increase crime 3.48 3.85 3.68 16.809 .001

Increase gambling addiction 3.51 3.76 3.65 7.251 .007

Increase family dissolution 3.42 3.60 3.52 4.468 .035

Increase prostitution 3.72 3.72 3.72 .001 .976

Increase divorce rate 3.31 3.48 3.40 3.880 0.49

Increase bankruptcies 3.42 3.81 3.64 20.863 .001

Increase alcoholism drug 3.54 3.66 3.61 2.033 .154


Increase visitor crowding 4.20 4.15 4.17 .387 .534

Increase litter 3.90 3.84 3.87 .477 .490

Increase traffic congestion 3.77 3.79 3.78 .037 .848

Destroy natural 3.66 3.68 3.67 .066 .797


Increase noise 3.84 3.83 3.83 .014 .906

Increase water pollution 3.64 3.65 3.64 .023 .880

Table 4

Perceptions of Residents who Live in the City Center and

Residents Living Outside the City toward Gaming Development

in Sanya

City Outside

center city Total t-test p-value

Positive impacts

Increase tourist spending 3.67 3.71 3.69 .140 .708

Increase employment 3.80 3.89 3.83 1.206 .272

Increase tax revenues 4.12 4.06 4.10 .603 .438

Increase resident income 3.36 3.53 3.43 3.550 .060

Improve quality of life 2.83 2.90 2.86 .479 .489

Preserve local customs 2.50 2.68 2.58 3.960 .047

and culture

Increase community pride 2.77 2.80 2.78 .133 .715

Improve public 3.32 3.41 3.35 .999 .318


Improve working 2.84 3.01 2.91 3.346 .068


Increase recreational 3.69 3.72 3.70 .091 .763


Negative impacts

Increase use of pawn 3.90 3.81 3.86 1.254 .263


Increase cost of living 3.75 3.79 3.77 .284 .594

Increase crime 3.65 3.72 3.68 .573 .449

Increase gambling 3.69 3.59 3.65 1.199 .274


Increase family 3.54 3.49 3.52 .244 .621


Increase prostitution 3.70 3.75 3.72 .398 .528

Increase divorce 3.42 3.39 3.40 .118 .731

Increase bankruptcies 3.61 3.67 3.64 .381 .537

Increase alcoholism 3.62 3.60 3.61 .035 .851

drug use

Increase visitor 4.22 4.11 4.17 2.099 .148


Increase litter 3.93 3.79 3.87 2.985 .084

Increase traffic 3.84 3.70 3.78 2.973 .085


Destroy natural 3.75 3.56 3.67 4.499 .034


Increase noise 3.86 3.79 3.83 .664 .415

Increase water pollution 3.69 3.58 3.64 1.433 .232

Table 5

Perceptions of Recent and Longtime Residents

towards Gaming Development in Sanya

Recent Longtime

residents residents Total

Positive impacts

Increase tourist spending 3.71 3.66 3.69

Increase employment 3.83 3.84 3.83

Increase tax revenues 4.09 4.11 4.10

Increase resident income 3.51 3.34 3.43

Improve quality of life 2.97 2.74 2.86

Preserve local customs culture 2.70 2.45 2.58

Increase community pride 2.80 2.76 2.78

Improve public infrastructure 3.33 3.38 3.35

Improve working conditions 3.02 2.79 2.91

Increase recreational 3.81 3.59 3.70


Negative impacts

Increase use of pawn shops 3.86 3.87 3.86

Increase cost of living 3.65 3.89 3.77

Increase crime 3.62 3.75 3.68

Increase gambling addiction 3.60 3.70 3.65

Increase family dissolution 3.46 3.58 3.52

Increase prostitution 3.66 3.78 3.72

Increase divorce 3.36 3.45 3.40

Increase bankruptcies 3.60 3.68 3.64

Increase alcoholism drug use 3.51 3.71 3.61

Increase visitor crowding 4.07 4.28 4.17

Increase litter 3.74 4.01 3.87

Increase traffic congestion 3.64 3.93 3.78

Destroy natural environment 3.51 3.84 3.67

Increase noise 3.72 3.96 3.83

Increase water pollution 3.48 3.82 3.64

t-test p-value

Positive impacts

Increase tourist spending .258 .612

Increase employment .010 .922

Increase tax revenues .063 .803

Increase resident income 3.847 .050

Improve quality of life 6.391 .012

Preserve local customs culture 7.740 .006

Increase community pride .210 .647

Improve public infrastructure .287 .593

Improve working conditions 6.041 .014

Increase recreational 6.740 .010


Negative impacts

Increase use of pawn shops .027 .870

Increase cost of living 8.487 .004

Increase crime 2.010 .157

Increase gambling addiction 1.176 .278

Increase family dissolution 1.705 .192

Increase prostitution 2.072 .150

Increase divorce .967 .326

Increase bankruptcies .830 .362

Increase alcoholism drug use 6.130 .014

Increase visitor crowding 7.732 .006

Increase litter 10.267 .001

Increase traffic congestion 12.043 .001

Destroy natural environment 15.526 .001

Increase noise 7.547 .006

Increase water pollution 14.718 .001

Table 6

Wilks’ Lambdas for Discriminant Analyses

Wilks’ Chi-

Lambda square df Sig.

Tourism workers v. Gaming in the USA:

Historical development, controversies and current status. (2001). S. Las Vegas Sun. The most discriminating

variables between these two groups are destroy natural environment,

increase water pollution, ‘increase traffic congestion’, and

“increase littering. Implications for

planning and communication are given.

Besides residents’ attitudes, the successes or failures of

casinos may be determined by management practices, marketing activities,

competition, and government regulations. The relationship between

residents’ attitudes toward tourism and tourism development

options. M. The American Gaming Association estimated that

casino gambling revenues in Asia will likely surpass those in the USA in

the next several years, measuring in the billions of dollars annually

(Blume, 2008).

He, B. Retrieved on September 16,

2013, from http://www. Residents’ attitudes toward tourism

development: A literature review with implications for tourism planning.

Journal of Planning Literature, 18(3), 251-266.

Kassinove, J. Casino jobs

are often associated with higher salaries than other service-sector

jobs, and gaming taxes are seen as a “painless” way of

increasing taxes with less local opposition than increases in general

sales tax (Walker, 2007, p. Quality of life issues in a casino

destination. Asian

Business Review, (February), 70.

Perdue, R. The casino and online gaming market to 2015.

Retrieved on September 26, 2013, from

Harrill, R. The case for supporting gaming

will then rest on enlightened decisions and policies based not only on

the benefits and costs of the proposed gaming development, but also on

the consideration of other economic alternatives. If further development produces apparent benefits, residents

attitudes might also change. Malaysia opened its Genting Highlands casino in

1971. This descriptive technique successively identifies the

linear combination of attributes known as canonical discriminant

functions (equations) which contribute maximally to group separation. Residents’

attitudes may change following the life cycle and development stage of

the economic activity or destination, as well as its successes or

failures. (1994). (2000). (2014). Resident

attitude surveys are crucial in providing decision-making data about the

feelings of residents. In addition, the paper aims to identify which

perceptions diverge most between sample groups. The focus of these should be how gaming will contribute to the

working conditions of tourism employees and how crime and other social

ills will be mitigated. (1994). Participatory planning: A view of tourism in

Indonesia. C., Mccartney, C. m, designed to look like a casino and

features the same licensing practices and rules as casinos in

Macau. Tourism Management, 24(1), 45-55.

Carmichael, B. An assessment of crime volume following

casino gaming development in the city of Detroit. Resident attitudes towards gaming and tourism development in

Macao: Growth machine theory as a context for identifying supporters and

opponents. A., Walker, D. B. Resident attitudes in a

mature destination: The case of Waikiki. J., Var, T. Elevated suicide levels associated with

legalized gambling. Art work from Zhangs

Beijing art gallery is also available for purchase. Harill (2004) identified socioeconomic

factors, special factors, economic dependency, residents and community

typologies as important factors that provide basis for explaining how

resident attitudes towards the impacts of tourism development are


We were not able to provide a response rate to judge the

representativeness of the sample. Community attachment and

attitudes toward tourism development. J. H. (1998). 72). 199-216). The biggest

divide in perception exists between recent and long-time residents.

Slight differences also appear between tourism workers and non-tourism


Wong, I. (2003). (2010). Journal of Travel Research, 34(3), 46-56.

Haralambopoulos, N., Pizam, A. (2013). When players win,

they receive “Mangrove” points that can be used to buy products

available in the casino such as an iPad 3G or a Rimowa suitcase.

Once luxury brands open outlets within the resort, customers will

be able to spend their points in those stores. Perceived impacts of

tourism: The case of Samos. According to Murphy (1985), “the degree to which a

community’s attitude and perception seem favorable is the degree to

which they can be expected to be supportive of tourism development (p.

85)”. This can help in selecting appropriate marketing or

educational strategies targeting different stakeholders, with the

objective to reinforce or alter perceptions.

Farh, J. Tourism Management, 22(5), 435


Grinds, E

Important link

Poker tournament gets high-tech chips after casino cheating scandal

m88 calls to a number registered to him in Fayetteville were met with a constant busy signal Tuesday, and it could not be determined if he has hired an attorney.

In January, the casino was forced to suspend an event at its Winter Open after suspicions that someone introduced counterfeit chips. About $800,000 in prize money was already paid out before the fake chips were discovered.

The Borgata also will add more staff and will do more chip counts each day during its tournaments.

Maintenance was called, and they found the chips, with a tournament value of 2.7 million, although they had no actual cash value.

Part of the new security measures will include spot checks of chips in play during games.

Lusardi is still in custody awaiting trial. They were approved by New Jersey gambling regulators for use in tournaments.

The event under scrutiny was the tournament’s Big Stack, No Limit Hold `Em event. But the chips clogged the pipes, and guests on the floor below complained that water was dripping into their rooms.

“We will be checking chips randomly throughout the day using a new process involving the UV lights,” Lupo said. A North Carolina man who won $6,814 during the tournament, Christian Lusardi, was arrested on charges including theft and rigging a public contest.

“This was very expensive, but very necessary,” said Joe Lupo, the casino’s senior vice president. He described the checks as “part of the new normal.”

The Borgata Hotel Casino Spa told The Associated Press it was using new chips for its Spring Open poker tournament that began Tuesday.

The new, more sophisticated chips combine several design and technology elements in use in the industry.

A joint investigation by the New Jersey State Police and the state Division of Gaming Enforcement continues, and $1.5 million in prize money is still on hold pending its outcome. There were 27 people remaining in the contest when play was suspended.. –  A cheating scandal at a casino poker tournament has led to new security measures, including chips that are more intricate, have more colors and include an authentication element that can be checked under ultraviolet light.

Authorities said Lusardi, after suspecting the fake chips had been noticed, flushed them down the toilet in his hotel room at Harrah’s Resort Atlantic City, where he had been staying. “In order to have the biggest tournaments in Atlantic City and as the market leader, we need to ensure the integrity of the games.”


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Why Is Fantasy Sports Considered A Game Of Skill And Sports Betting Is Not?

m88 draftKings offers daily and weekly contests for cash prizes.. The sports leagues who have aligned with DraftKings, FanDuel and others sleep well at night with that distinction and enjoy the added revenue stream fantasy brings.

There’s a school of thought that the increasing acceptance of fantasy by the leagues has no bearing on its stand on sports betting. Whether fantasy could continue to prosper if sports betting were legal nationwide remains to be seen.

What is confusing is why fantasy sports is legal as a game of skill but sports betting is not in 46 states. Fantasy sports is a multi-billion dollar industry and the news earlier this month that Walt Disney is reportedly investing about $250 million for a 20 percent interest in Boston-based DraftKings will only hasten its legitimacy and growth. Making an educated bet can hardly be considered a game of chance like playing the lottery. But they have no such concerns about the millions bet annually illegally or the cash doled out on fantasy. The fact that Disney owns sports giant ESPN makes the stake all the more compelling.

“They’ve drawn a line of demarcation between fantasy and gaming,” said Reed Bergman, CEO and president of Playbook, a sports marketing agency. What will be fascinating to see is how ESPN separates real sports from fantasy. New Jersey is waiting for a ruling on an appeal that would allow it to offer sports betting in casinos and at racetracks but it’s unlikely to win.

And while the NBA, MLB and even the NFL are embracing fantasy, they are still in court fighting the spread of sports betting mainly on the grounds it will increase, in their view, the likelihood of games being fixed. “You’re dealing with a separation of church and state issue,” added Bergman.

What’s interesting is fantasy sites avoid being categorized as gambling, which is illegal in most states and Canada, because they offer “games of skill”. While that may be true – at least for now – the spread of fantasy could eventually change the atmosphere among the public and influence the league offices and courts

Go Here

Legal U.S. sports betting could spread if New Jersey has its way | Reuters

In a November op-ed in The New York Times, NBA Commissioner Adam Silver urged Congress to adopt a federal framework to allow betting on professional sports, arguing that a state-by-state spread of measures like New Jersey’s would be bad public policy..

Those venues would then be free to oversee their own sportsbooks under the latest bill, which the sports leagues also tried to block in court. Whichever side loses will almost certainly appeal.

Major League Baseball declined to comment.


(Reporting by Hilary Russ; Editing by Frances Kerry)

By Hilary Russ


The state may have only one major league franchise bearing its name: the New Jersey Devils NHL hockey team. The leagues said that violated a 1992 federal law that banned the activity in all but four states – particularly Nevada – where it was already allowed. They won that case as well, and New Jersey appealed.

If legal sports betting spread, New Jersey could eventually grab about $10 billion of a national market that could be as much as $400 billion, said Dennis Drazin, an advisor to two parties involved in New Jersey’s Monmouth Park Racetrack, where on Aug.

“There is an obvious appetite among sports fans for a safe and legal way to wager on professional sporting events,” he wrote.

NEW YORK Legalized U.S. subsidiary of Britain’s William Hill PLC. 2 American Pharoah won his first race since taking the Triple Crown.

The NCAA said in a statement that “the spread of legalized sports wagering is a threat to student-athlete well-being and the integrity of athletic competition.”

Other states – especially Pennsylvania and Delaware, which are also in the Third Circuit – might immediately follow New Jersey’s lead if it won and begin pushing for broader sports betting, Wallach said.

“A New Jersey win will have immediate, far-reaching implications beyond its borders,” said Daniel Wallach, a Florida sports and gambling attorney who has followed the case closely. Betting also threatens the integrity of sports games by opening the door to price fixing, the leagues argued.

New Jersey lost the case, but it tried again last year with new legislation that attempts an end-run around the federal ban – which prohibits states from authorizing, sponsoring, operating or licensing the practice – by essentially removing state control and deregulating sports wagering at casinos and racetracks.

The park has already spent $1 million to outfit a sportsbook room through the largest North American sports betting operator, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.

A decision is expected any day from the U.S. “It will prompt swift action by other states.”

“It would be a huge economic boost to Monmouth Park and New Jersey and Atlantic City casinos,” Drazin said. It could be as big as $3 trillion, nearly all of it illegal, he estimated.

“Our long-standing position against the proliferation of gambling on NFL games remains,” NFL spokesman Brian McCarthy said in an email.

“It’s going to go down in flames,” said Chuck Humphrey, lawyer and author of the website The NHL did not reply to a request for comment.

The tide may be turning, however. The NCAA, NFL, NBA and other leagues sued after New Jersey lawmakers legalized sports betting in 2012. sports betting, resisted by professional leagues since they won a federal ban nearly a quarter century ago, could begin spreading around the country if the state of New Jersey prevails in a pending federal court case.

Americans bet $3.8 billion illegally on this year’s Super Bowl game, compared to approximately $100 million of legal bets on the event annually, according to American Gaming Association estimates.

So far, the NBA is the sole league calling for federal authorization.

Humphrey and others called the leagues “hypocrites” for blocking sports betting while actively investing in fantasy sports companies.

But New Jersey faces long odds, according to some analysts. But with an eroded casino industry and sluggish state economy, New Jersey has been pushing for sports betting for several years and carrying the ball in the legal battle while other states wait and watch.

Globally, the market is at least $1 trillion, 90 percent of it conducted illegally, said Patrick Jay, who oversaw Asia’s largest regulated sportsbook as director of trading at the Hong Kong Jockey Club


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How to Pick and Bet on a Kentucky Derby Winner

Bet on the horse that everyone else is betting on. He knew everything about the horse’s past performance, their breeding and who was riding them. That is better than any other kind of bet.

He is the author of Son of a Son of a Gambler: Winners, Losers and What to Do When You When The Lottery. I can tell you what horses make the biggest mess. It is a driving force for web sites like Google.

My father, a professional gambler, absolutely HATED my betting system.

Bet on the horse to show, not to win or place.

For whatever reason, my system has failed me at Kentucky Derbies. Just like the lottery, big odds draw a lot of excitement and attention.

When your sitting back

In your rose pink Cadillac

Making bets on Kentucky Derby Day

– The Rolling Stones

It drove him absolutely crazy.

It was written by two statistics professors and not the easiest book to read.

The idea is that the marketplace will move with the crowd towards the best outcome.

I usually win enough money to pay for lunch. I didn’t pick Sunday Silence because of my system.

If a horse moves from 10 to 1 to 2 to 1, it is probably a good horse to bet on.

The professors frown on exactas, daily doubles or any bet that exhibits large risk.

Like in the investment world, the winner at race track is the person with a conservative style and discipline.

Although I started going to race tracks before I was able to walk, I don’t know much about the horse industry. He would bet $100 on a horse and lose.

The book bases the ability to pick horses on an economic theory known as the wisdom of crowds.

As the son of a professional gambler, people often ask me for betting advice. Betting to show fits with my overall philosophy about investing. (My mother was a sucker for horses with funny names.) I just follow the odds. I go the track a few times a year and bet small amounts.

I stuck to my system. If dad ever met the professors, he would have punched them in the nose. I stick to it today.

I picked the horse because of an alumni connection to a man I had never met. The last one I remember winning was Sunday Silence in 1989.

This Blogger’s Books and Other Items from…

Although there are people more qualified to give Derby tips, like many financial commentators, I won’t let lack of expertise stop me.

I came to the conclusion that by living in Kentucky, I needed to know how to bet on horses. His owner, Arthur Hancock III, had graduated from Vanderbilt and I had received a Masters Degree from Vandy the year before.

Don McNay, CLU, ChFC, MSFS, CSSC is the founder of McNay Settlement Group in Richmond, Kentucky. He and I would go to Keeneland every session and we never picked the same horse. .

The wisdom of crowds concept is really popular now. You can write to Don at or read his award winning, syndicated column at

Most of my equine knowledge was gleamed when I worked on the clean-up crew at the Kentucky Horse Park.

Dad was superstitious and started to believe that my system was jinxing him.

Dad liked the excitement of big odds and big payoffs.

Betting to show is a practice that I follow religiously.

Thus the best advice may be to forget all the high powered systems and experts and give it your best guess. I can sum up the advice in two statements.

When I go to the track, I don’t look at the racing form, jockeys, past history or pick horses with funny names.

The professors hate jackpots like the Pick-6. Quandi.

Just like the lottery, you don’t see many people winning them.

I found a book called Racetrack Betting: The Professors’ Guide to Strategies by Peter Asch and Richard E. It was a stupid reason for picking a horse but produced one of my few winners.

The professors said that betting to show will produce a winner 52% of the time. Slow and steady works in the financial markets and works at the track too. I would bet $10 and win

The Best Horse Racing Books

The book is more notable for its exiting narrative than its handicapping secrets, but speed figures and track bias played a large part in his success.

Champions by Daily Racing Form Staff

An awesome collection of lifetime past performance for every eclipse award winner since the 1890′s. A great book to dip into when a losing streak has you looking for new ideas.

My $50,000 Year at the Races by Andrew Beyer

Andy Beyer always delivers a good read, and this account of his home run year of 1977 when he beat the races for 50 large while splitting his time between Gulfstream Park and the Maryland tracks is one of my favorite racing books ever. Nack gives us a ring side seat for all the twists and turns leading up to his incredible Triple Crown Campaign. Ragozin doesn’t give away the store here, but there’s still plenty of good information as well as an enjoyable read for horse racing fans.

What are the best horse racing books?  Horse Racing has an excellent body of literature that surpasses most sports in its quality and variety. Davidowitz gives a solid treatment of virtually all aspects of handicapping from speed and pace handicapping to workouts, conditioning, trainers, pedigree, and betting strategy. If you’ve ever wanted to know about feet-per-second calculations, early, late and sustained pace, decision models, track profiles and all the other tools of high-tech pace handicapping, this is the place to start.

. I’ve divided this article into two sections, one focusing on handicapping books, and the other on more general interest books. This book covers speed and pace figures, Quirin Speed Points, pedigree handicapping on the grass, even trip handicapping. I particularly enjoyed Ragozin’s war stories about his experiences as a horse owner and bettor (he and his partner Len Friedman have poured millions into the parimutuel pools over the years). A great portrait of the greatest horse of all time.

Betting Thoroughbreds by Steve Davidowitz

For my money this is the best general handicapping book ever written, and a great place to start for novices looking to expand their knowledge as well as more seasoned players looking to move up.

Thoroughbred Handicapping State of the Art by William Quirin

Quirin was among the first to do a major computer study of American horse racing. Crist, an executive and columnist with the Daily Racing Form, has ably filled that hole with this book, which offers some solid strategies for tackling both single and multi-race exotics. Beyer on Speed gives a solid overview of how speed figures are made as well as how they might be employed for betting success. Beyer always interleavens his handicapping books with lots of good stories that bring out the magic of the track from the bettor’s point of view.

The Best of Thoroughbred Handicapping by James Quirin

Quinn was the most prolific of handicapping writers in the 80′s and 90′s. Meadow is a serious player and the information here is rock solid.

Handicapping Magic by Michael Pizzolla

There haven’t been a lot of additions to the body of handicapping knowledge since the glory days of the 70′s and 80′s, but former Sartin disciple Pizzolla at least contributes something new with his Balanced Speed Ratings and Fulcrum Pace. He also provides a figure method for the turf based on late speed as a deciding factor.

Seabiscuit: An American Legend by Laura Hillenbrand

A book that hardly needs an introduction, given the sensation it made when published. Not a great place to start for the novice, but well worth reading for more experienced players.

Stud: Adventures in Breeding by Kevin Conley

A behind-the-scenes look at the world of high-class breeding, where millions of dollars are at stake, and wealthy breeders roll the dice as they “breed the best to the best and hope for the best.” Conley gives as a look into the breeding life of the great sire Storm Cat, as well as the Godolphin breeding operation, where Dubai’s Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum spends tens of millions trying for that elusive Derby winner

Exotic Betting by Steven Crist

Most of the best handicapping books were written before exotic betting came to dominate the mutual pools, and this has left a big hole in the literature for horseplayers seeking the big score. Here are my choices for the best horse racing books.

Handicapping Books

Commonsense Betting by Dick Mitchell

Winning at the track takes more than good handicapping. It also requires solid money management, and that’s where Commonsense Betting comes in. Cramer virtually invented the idea of unconventional handicapping as a way of uncovering hidden value, and here he offers ways to use pedigree handicapping, company lines, and other contrarian methods to beat the speed handicappers at their own game.

The Race for the Triple Crown by Joe Drape

New York Times writer Joe Drape gives an excellent history of a year on the Derby Trail among the high class stables of New York, a world far removed from the scrape-along lifestyle at most race tracks.

Money Secrets at the Racetrack by Barry Meadow

Many consider this the best book ever written on money management and the mathematical aspect of value betting and exotic betting. Sadly, several of the books mentioned here are out of print, but they can often be found on ebay or at abebooks. My favorite part of the book details Beyer’s expedition into the virgin territory of Australian racing, where he attempted to use his figures to conquer the fat betting pools down under.

Horse of a Different Color by Jim Squires

A great account of what it’s like to be a small time breeder by Jim Squires, the former Chicago Tribune editor turned thoroughbred breeder who hit the big time when he bred the Kentucky Derby winner Monarchos.

Figure Handicapping By James Quinn

As the title suggests, speed and pace figures are the focus here. The focus here is on non-fiction books, although there’s no shortage of fictional horse racing books. There’s something about the beauty of the thoroughbred and the color of the backstretch that brings out the lyrical side of many writers. A must for every horseplayer’s bookshelf.

Kinky Handicapping by Mark Cramer

Cramer is one of the most entertaining and thought-provoking handicapping writers there is, and Kinky Handicapping is his magnum opus. In this book, recently republished by DRF Press, he brings together a comprehensive overview of most aspects of modern handicapping theory. Quinn gives an introduction into how figures are made, as well as their application as part of the general handicapping process. In addition to an excellent chapter on money management, Mitchell teaches you how to calculate the cost of any exotic wager, make an odds line, as well as how to know when a bet is offering value on the tote board.

Secretariat: The Making of a Champion by William Nack

Nack is a long time Sports Illustrated writer who had unprecedented access to the great Secretariat and his connections during “Big Red’s” amazing career. MPH contains a complete overview of the classic Sartin Methodology by its best-known (and perhaps most successful) practitioner. I’ve spent countless happy hours with this book revisiting some old friends as well as learning about the greats before my time. I can’t imagine a horse racing fan who won’t enjoy paging through this book.

Modern Pace Handicapping By Tom Brohammer

If you only read one book about pace handicapping, this should be the one. Crist is a pick six specialist, and his treatment of how to use multiple tickets to tackle that difficult bet is well worth the price of the book.

Speed Handicapping by Andrew Beyer

By the time this was written in 1993, speed figures had lost most of their value in the parimutuel pools, but Beyer is nothing if not a die hard figure player. A meticulously researched account of Seabiscuit’s rags to riches story, as well as that of his owner, trainer, and jockey.

Laughing in the Hills by Bill Barich

Barich is a terrific writer, and here he gives a wonderful account of bumming around the Northern California racing circuit in the late 1970s, marking time and getting to know the colorful denizens of the Golden Gate Fields backside.

The Winning Horseplayer by Andrew Beyer

Written in 1983 it’s still an excellent introduction to trip handicapping and how to relate trips to speed figures. The information is certainly a bit dated, but there’s still lots of good food for thought considering the book was published 25 years ago.

General Interest Horse Racing Books

The Odds Must Be Crazy by Len Ragozin

Ragozin is the creator of the famous “Sheets” performance figures (which some consider a bargain at $25 a pop), and this autobiography cum handicapping tome gives a broad overview of how the numbers are created as well as how their users employ pattern matching to find live horses that may offer solid value in the mutual pools

When Exercise Becomes an Obsession

It sets a foundation for understanding the problem, who is at-risk, the indicators that signal a problem is emerging or prevalent, and how best to intervene. What originates in a desire to improve performance, fitness, and self esteem turns into a form of punishment and unhealthy practices that eventually have the opposite outcome.

“Buy this vital resource and arm yourself with the crucial knowledge you and your staff need to effectively recognize and intervene with your athletes or clients who are exhibiting excessive work out behavior and disordered eating!”

This cutting edge book provides essential information and guidance on building positive, insulating cultures within the sports arena and teams, the fitness gym, and the home environment. She has both personal and professional experience dealing with the issues discussed in her self help books.

“Buy this powerful resource for yourself if you’re struggling with excessive exercise and disordered eating behavior…and be your own first responder!”. That reality makes this book invaluable. The hallmark of these disorders are excessive physical exercise coupled with restrictive eating patterns. No Coach or Fitness Professional should be without it!

Stephanie Eissinger is a Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, Certified Life Coach, Certified Embody Love Movement Facilitator, and Self Help Book Author who’s dedicated her professional life to empowering individuals to overcome life’s challenges to live happier, healthier lives.

Anorexia Athletica & Hypergymnasia: When Exercise Becomes an Obsession can be found on

Anorexia Athletica & Hypergymnasia: When Exercise Becomes an Obsession

Author’s Bio: 

Dedicated athletes and committed exercisers are held up as motivational examples to follow. Working out becomes compulsory and disordered eating patterns emerge. It should be on every conscientious Coach, Fitness Trainer, struggling athlete, and parent’s book shelf. Not just for the purpose of gathering dust or impressing others, but, as a valuable resource to provide the tools for prevention, detection, and early intervention!

Book Description:

Athletes, Coaches, Fitness Professionals, Parents, and Teammates need to be aware of the signs and symptoms that indicate Anorexia Athletica or Hypergymnasia is developing in order to provide early intervention. The earlier intervention occurs, the easier and faster the individual can recover. For those individuals who are showing early signs, an Exercise Addiction Questionnaire and recovery suggestions are included. Sports and gyms are fertile grounds for the development of Anorexia Athletica or Hypergymnasia. Anorexia Athletica/Hypergymnasia gradually take control of the individual’s thinking and behavior.

Anorexia Athletica & Hypergymnasia: When Exercise Becomes an Obsession is a comprehensive resource for Coaches, Fitness Professionals, parents, and athletes that details how to recognize, intervene, recover from, and prevent Anorexia Athletica and Hypergymnasia. This book is for struggling athletes and first responders.

Article originally published on

“When Work Out Dedication Turns into Unhealthy Obsession”

The pursuit of athletic excellence, superior physical fitness, and improved body image can take an ugly turn if the motivation veers away from health and becomes about weight loss and seeking the “ideal body shape.” The very same qualities that lead to optimal performance and fitness can also drive individuals to take drastic and unhealthy paths to get there. But, what happens when that “healthy” work out motivation and behavior takes on a darker side? Self-disciplined individuals with perfectionistic tendencies and a strong desire to compete (even with themselves) are at a high risk for developing training and exercising behavior that is excessive and dangerous. Motivation can shift from performance enhancement and increased physical fitness to extreme weight loss and a relentless struggle for perfection

How Gamblers — History’s Most Accurate Election Forecasters — Are Betting on 2012

The current presidential polls — Gallup with Romney leading by three percent, CBS with Obama up by two percent, aggregators split on whose nose is ahead — are a hotbed of uncertainty.

Added Paulick Report editor Ray Paulick, one of America’s top horseracing handicappers and a political prediction markets aficionado, “Gamblers have more experience with cheaters. The prediction markets like Intrade cut through all this and give us a single number to focus on.”

“I much prefer this kind of 60-40 probability than I would in a horse race,” says Paulick.

Still, the consensus among gamblers isn’t as strong as in the last two elections. The papers’ sources were bookies who had agents at every stump and whistle-stop to gather intel and quantify popular sentiment. Nor do polls take into account intangibles like how each state’s secretary of state factors in or systems within a state designed to eliminate voters.”

Why are the polls and gamblers so far apart?

This Blogger’s Books and Other Items from…

. “When scientific polls came along, newspapers had something to report other than markets they were oftentimes uncomfortable with.”

I don’t like uncertainty. They take voter fraud into their metrics. The election is more of a marathon, a four-year race. “Also polls tend to reflect what people are thinking at a given moment, versus a forecast of what will happen on election day — post-convention bounces, for instance.”

The same discomfort led to states relegating such gamblers to outlaws.

In 2008, 90 percent of gamblers correctly forecast an Obama victory. “Relative to the polls, the betting markets have to think hard about what they’re saying since they are putting their money at stake,” he said. At approximately 3-2 odds, is the outcome in this election any more certain than that of a horse race?

Strumpf adds: “I think the big message in this election cycle is that polls are giving conflicting answers, and unless you are willing to look at several state-level polls, it is hard to make sense of it all. Halfway through Election Day 2004, various exit polls showed Kerry with the lead. Oddschecker shows bookmakers to be even more bullish on Obama.

In 2004, Gallup failed to forecast the winner of the popular vote for president — for the second straight election. Intrade asks who you think will win — a rational question that requires someone to look at the facts and real world events, such as polls, debates, speeches, gaffes, scandals and crises. The Internet has given rise to new forums, however. Between 1884 and 1940, the bettors erred on just one of sixteen elections, Wilson’s 1916 upset of Hughes. Meanwhile 91 percent of bettors on had their money on Bush. “And so the price for Obama to be reelected has closely tracked his probability of winning Ohio. “In a match race between two horses over a course of one-and-a-quarter miles, a lot of things can go suddenly wrong. As of this writing, betting at the three biggest prediction markets is as follows: Betfair has Obama with a 64 percent chance to win to Romney’s 36 percent; Intrade has the president at 58 percent; and the Iowa Electronic Markets have the president at 59 percent. Fortunately there are veritable election oracles I can turn to instead: gamblers.

Why the big lead for Obama?

“Our markets recognize that Romney probably needs to win Ohio to beat Obama,” Wolfenden says. The betting markets also were correct on the winner in each of the 50 states. “The polls ask who you’re going to vote for — a question that requires an emotional response. In presidential races beginning in 1896, the New York Times, Sun, and World provided daily betting quotes. They were also on the money with 48 of 50 states.

Ironically, polls sent gamblers to the sideline. “Prior to Gallup’s introduction in 1936, newspapers had little to report about the election horse race other than the betting markets,” Strumpf explains. Polls don’t. Short of a huge scandal, I can’t see an outcome other than Obama’s reelection.”

Intrade’s scoreboard, updated in real-time here:

Before the 2008 election, I spoke to Koleman Strumpf, a University of Kansas economics professor who tracks betting trends. One of these facts is the Electoral College, which isn’t accounted for in polls.”

Gamblers’ success in this arena is nothing new. So while Romney may lead in the polls, and he may have flipped a number of other key states — such as Florida, Virginia, Colorado — to his side of the ledger, our markets appear to believe that without Ohio he can’t get it done.”

“The answer highlights one of the main differences between the polls and markets like Intrade,” Intrade’s exchange operations manager Carl Wolfenden told me

10 Tips for Betting on Football

They use powerful computers that can process millions of bits of data and produce a more accurate point-spread line than the bookmakers.”

Ted Sevransky, a well-known Las Vegas gambler and sports consultant with, agrees.

“The standard bet requires gamblers to lay $11 for every $10 they want to win with the extra $1 or 10 percent known as the juice,” Konik says.

4. “As for me, the best bet in football is betting the point spread or over/under totals on individual games. If you want advice about sports betting, find someone who has a successful track record. In fact, sports bettors must pick 52.4 percent winners just to break even.”

1. “Most people prefer to bet on the ‘better’ team, the one that will probably win the game. Giving 11 to 10 odds is almost always the cheapest price you can give.”

But even though the math says it’s virtually impossible to win on a consistent basis, Americans continue to bet on football.


However, Konik adds that there are some bettors who actually know how to beat the bookies. “Teams play inspired ball at home. The only locks that exist are those that need keys to open them.”

“There is probably no better bet in sports than playing an underdog at home,” Moseman says.

“The biggest mistake that amateur bettors make is they increase their bets when they are losing,” Sevransky says.


“Most people with an understanding of football gambling bet between 3 percent and 5 percent of their bankroll, increasing when they win and reducing when they lose,” Vaccaro says. Avoid Chasing Bets – “Don’t do it! There is no worse way to mismanage your bankroll than to chase your bets after a losing day,” cautions Moseman on the dangerous practice of trying to immediately win back your losses. So underdogs tend to be slightly undervalued – except by the sharps.”

And remember, in the immortal words of “Fast” Eddie Felson, “Money won is twice as sweet as money earned.” . Money Management – “This is without a doubt the most important aspect of betting on sports and possibly the most neglected,” says Morey “Doc” Moseman, a professional gambler and sports consultant with for nearly 40 years. On college you will be able to find different lines at different sports books.

2. “Common wisdom says that over the course of a long football season the average man or woman will pick approximately 50 percent winners.

So, how much should you bet a game?

Although exact figures are impossible to calculate, according to Jimmy Vaccaro, widely considered to be Las Vegas’ most influential bookmaker, Americans probably wager more than $50 billion a year on NFL and college football combined. To be a successful sports bettor you need to operate with a clear mind.”

Betting on football games; whether it’s through a local bookie, an offshore Internet site or a Nevada casino (still the only legal place in America to make football bets), most of us have done it or know of someone who has. And why not? We have unconditional love for the sport and betting $50 or $100 on a game adds an extra rush of adrenaline. “He is not jaded by teams and does not bet with his heart. Locks Don’t Exist – “Anyone who has watched sports for about a month realizes that the difference between winning and losing, especially against the spread, can be infinitesimally small,” Gordon says. If you are going to go with a favorite, it is best to place your bet early in the week when the sharps are laying heavy money on the points. The only touts bettors should consider are the ones who talk about the long haul and realistic winning percentages, which are in the upper 50 percent to lower 60 percent range.”

“The bookies fear and despise a tiny coterie of professional bettors known as ‘the sharps,’” Konik says. Thanks to the juice, the only one who profits in this scenario is the bookmaker. “There will be more discrepancy in the numbers at different sports books. Focus on Conferences – “The best way to win money betting football is to develop a niche and follow it closely,” Moseman advises. Research Football Services – “Most sports services realize that most people who sign up with them are insecure,” Gordon warns. “If you become an expert on a smaller conference like the WAC, you have a good chance to beat the house because sports book operators do not have the time or resources to follow this conference the way you can.

“The talking heads on TV know nothing about sports betting,” says Sevransky. Big underdogs often find ways to cover the spread and they rarely give up toward the end of a game in front of the home crowd.”

Certainly not back into the pockets of the average bettor. “For example, if you have a $1,000 bankroll for the season, you should generally bet no more than $50 a game.”

“In an average season, fewer than one bettor in twelve turns a profit,” Gordon says. There are almost an infinite number of scenarios that can happen in a single football game. The NFL, for example, will have very similar numbers at most of the betting shops you visit. “Over the course of several seasons, the percentage of bettors who turn a profit is minuscule.”

8. Bet at the Right Time – “The sharp bettors tend to bet underdogs, and they tend to bet them early,” Moseman says. Oakland comes to mind) seem like the Super Bowl. But, when you’re struggling, that’s when you want to reduce your bet size until you get out of your slump. “When you’re in a good rhythm and winning, you want to increase your bets. “In trying to bamboozle potential customers, many services make claims about having scouts all over the country that give them inside information and promise 70 or even 80 percent winners, as if the bookmakers were the biggest suckers in the world.

Also, it’s probably a good idea to disregard advice from the myriad of ex-players and football experts you see on television each week. “Thus, the bookies love and cherish the squares.”

But that doesn’t mean you have to bet like a “square” and throw away your hard-earned money.

6. “Squares usually bet later in the week and they tend to pick the favorites. He loses year after year, according to Dan Gordon, a top football handicapper and author of How to Beat the Sports Books (Cardoza Publishing 2005). Otherwise, you’re better off doing your own research.”

Newspapers and popular sports sites routinely publish the lines or point spreads for games, and football insiders offer their picks to viewers each week on ESPN and other cable networks.

So, how much are we gambling each football season?

While these tips don’t guarantee you’re going to win, hopefully they can make you a little less square and a little more sharp in your picks this season. Avoid Exotic Bets – “For very skilled handicappers, with a proven track record, there can, at least in theory, be value in betting parlays,” says Gordon on the type of bet that combines two or more individual wagers. “Because alcohol clouds your judgment and usually helps you to make rash decisions you usually wouldn’t otherwise make. Slim underdogs regularly win outright. There is a wealth of information on the Internet; it is just up to you to find it and research it daily.”

“A sharp or smart has a plan of what he wants to do,” says Vaccaro, the director of sports operations and public relations at Lucky’s Race and Sports Book in Las Vegas. “If you listen to their advice, you are sure to lose. Chasing losses is the fastest way to the poor house.”

3. Consider Underdogs – “In the long-run, it’s easier to win betting on the underdog,” Konik says. The payout is just the same as far as he is concerned. These books change their numbers according to the betting patterns of their customers, so it is not entirely uncommon to find two or three point differences in the lines.”

Another difference between squares and sharps is how they approach betting on game day.

7. Shop For Numbers – “Another important aspect of betting on football is shopping for the best number,” Moseman explains. Not all games work according to this formula, but it is usually a good rule of thumb.”

“A square is the average, unsophisticated gambler whose decision making is based on hunches, media manipulation, or spurious systems that cannot overcome the bookmaker’s inherent mathematical advantage,” Konik explains. He is not taken in by being involved in USC-Notre Dame just because it is the biggest watched game of the day.

Moseman agrees and especially likes home underdogs. Drinking and Gambling Don’t Mix – “There is a reason the casinos in Las Vegas supply you with free drinks while you are gambling,” Moseman says. “The key to proper money management is to be sure not to bet more than you can afford to lose.”

So, is it possible for the average square to become a little sharper in making football bets this season? According to professionals like Vacarro, Konik and Gordon, amateur bettors have the best chance to win if they demonstrate a little patience and follow the 10 basic tips below. If you like an underdog, it is best to get your bet in as late as possible, where there is heavy action from squares on favorites. “In the NFL, a game will often be totally turned around by one or two plays, or even a single penalty.

Michael Konik, a sports writer and best-selling author of The Smart Money (Simon & Schuster 2006), explains why it is so hard for the recreational gambler to win at betting on football.

Even Hollywood is not immune – think Two for the Money with Al Pacino and Matthew McConaughey.

And where does all that money go?

“A square or recreational player might have a vague plan, but after two Corona’s he will definitely run to the window and make a hasty decision on the USC-Notre Dame game because he wants to be involved in the party atmosphere,” Vaccaro says. “The sharps are usually members of a betting syndicate privy to the most up-to-date information on injuries, weather, game plans, and, most important, the real power of the teams involved. If North Texas is his best bet on a Saturday then that is his bet.

9. Also, being “in action” can make a dull late-afternoon game (Buffalo vs

Main Page – Handbook of Journalism

Dozens of journalists from text, television, pictures and from domestic as well as international services, have worked to bring it up to date. As a real-time, competitive news service whose reputation rests on reliability, we also value accuracy, speed and exclusivity. The latter constrain, and restrict our ability to operate.

This page was last modified 12:31, 17 May 2016.

Everything we do as Reuters journalists has to be independent, free from bias and executed with the utmost integrity. It builds on the work of colleagues, too many to number over the past 150 years, whose commitment to the most ethical standards of our profession has made Reuters the outstanding news organisation it is today.


. The way in which we, as Reuters employees, live these values is governed by the

Reuters Code of Conduct. These are our core values and stem from the

Reuters Trust Principles. What follows is an attempt to map out those principles, as guidance to taking decisions and adopting behaviours that are in the best interests of Reuters, our shareholders, our customers, our contacts, our readers and our profession.

The handbook, now in its second online edition and fully revised, is the work of no one individual. As journalists, however, we have additional responsibilities if we are to fulfil the highest aspirations of our profession – to search for and report the truth, fairly, honestly and unfailingly.

April 2008

This handbook is not intended as a collection of “rules.” Beyond the obvious, such as the cardinal sin of plagiarism, the dishonesty of fabrication or the immorality of bribe-taking, journalism is a profession that has to be governed by ethical guiding principles rather than by rigid rules. That code, with a few notable exceptions that apply specifically to journalists, governs the behaviour of all Reuters employees and is essential reading. The former liberate, and lead to better journalism

Senator Weighs In on New Internet Betting and Horse Racing Bill

Our mission is to frame all aspects of athletics – including but not limited to competition, contracts, agents, media & technology, marketing & sponsorships, franchises & stadiums, economics, communications, and labor relations – in the context of law through a forum that everyone can enjoy and learn.

Our goals are to make Pennsylvania a national leader in ensuring the integrity of the horse racing industry, to continue the growth of an industry which provides more than 23,000 jobs in Pennsylvania and contributes significantly to open space preservation, and to better fit the regulation of horse racing within the context of how Pennsylvania regulates other forms of legal gambling, such as slots, table games, small games of chance and the state lottery.

Placing responsibility for oversight of the industry with the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board and dissolving the two separate commissions which are now responsible for those duties.

Strengthening Pennsylvania’s drug-testing program by authorizing testing at off-site training and boarding facilities, authorizing out-of-competition testing, and authorizing a testing fee which will include the cost of equipment, supplies, and facilities.

Prohibiting track personnel or relatives from receiving gifts from breeders, trainers and other persons.

Moving fines and fees, along with a significant percentage of both thoroughbred and standardbred breakage to the State Racing Fund to ensure the Gaming Control Board has the resources needed to enforce the act.


Managed by active attorneys, is a website dedicated to tackling the toughest sports law issues. The new legislation would create a Bureau of Horse Racing tasked with duties ranging from drug testing enforcement to gift exchanges between breeders, owners, and trainers. He chairs the Rules and Executive Nominations Committee and is a member of the Appropriations Committee, the Judiciary Committee, and the Legislative Reapportionment Commission. Weiner, Esq., Partner at

This is only a portion of the article. Fees and fine amounts will be increased. 1188, which if enacted, would reform the regulatory oversight of the multi-billion dollar horse racing industry in the state. Moreover, and perhaps of most interest to the many commentators following this story, the new legislation would effectively phase out the Racing Commissions that currently operates under the PA Department of Agriculture and would instead have the new bureau be run by the Gaming Control Board, which would also have the ability to grant online horse-race betting licenses to casinos across the state.

In other words, Pennsylvania has experienced a large expansion in the racing market since 2004 while simultaneously experiencing declining revenues to support the necessary regulatory oversight.

What effect can we expect this to have beyond Pennsylvania’s borders?

2013-12-05-Pileggi2.jpg These goals will be accomplished by:

This is only a portion of the article. Since the General Assembly authorized slot and table gaming in Pennsylvania in 2004, the number of races, the number of horses racing, and the size of purses have all increased dramatically.

On top of that, since additional means of wagering on horse races, including via the Internet, have become available, the state has seen a decline in live betting – the primary revenue source for the State Racing Fund, which is used for regulatory oversight.

This bill has a lot of components to it – what are the highlights of which Pennsylvania residents should be aware?

By: Alex S. We hope our law can be used as a model for other states who wish to grow the horse racing industry while ensuring its integrity with strong oversight. Prior to his election to the Senate, Senator Pileggi served as Mayor of the City of Chester.

The law governing horse racing in Pennsylvania has not been updated in almost 30 years. After receiving a Presidential Scholarship to Saint Joseph’s University and graduating with a B.A. [...]

2013-12-05-Pileggi1.JPG Members of the Pennsylvania Senate have introduced Senate Bill No. To read the complete article, please CLICK HERE.

Among the sponsors of this bill is PA Senate Majority Leader Dominic Pileggi (R-9th District). To read the complete article, please CLICK HERE.

. Establishing a surcharge on purses for marketing and promotion of Pennsylvania racing.

Providing a statutory framework for the current practice of Internet wagering on horse racing.

What was the impetus for the drafting of this proposed legislation?

We want to position Pennsylvania as a national leader. from the Villanova School of Law in 1982. in Economics in 1979, Pileggi went on to earn a J.D

UK Betting and Gaming Market Update 2016 – Research and Markets

Introduction & Definition

- Betting And Gaming Duties

. Gaming Machines

- Report Coverage

- Bookmaking

Market Sectors

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Research and Markets has announced the addition of the “UK

Betting and Gaming Market Update 2016″ report to their offering.

- Social

- Licensed Bingos

- Gaming Machines

- Pools

- Market Trends

Betting consists of any activity whereby there is an agreement – usually

between an individual and an establishment – that if the individual

makes an accurate prediction on the unknown outcome of an event, game or

race, then they receive a financial reward. PEST

- Consolidation In The Industry


3. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities & Threats

2. The UK gambling

industry acts under strict legislation from the UK Government, with

establishments operating in these domains requiring a licence from the

Department of Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) and being required to pay

levies to HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC).

- Forecast Total Market

1. It also explores any ongoing or future

possibilities within the marketplace.

- Bookmaking


Key Topics Covered:

- Future Economic Trends

For more information visit

- Market Growth

- Market Sectors

- Future Trends

- Gambling (Licensing And Advertising) Act

4. Executive Summary

- Mobile Gaming

- Market Position

Betting and gaming is more generally known as gambling, or games of

chance, whereby the outcome cannot be predetermined. Gaming involves the

individual playing a gaming activity for stakes – whereby the

probability is known in advance – with the hope of winning a prize or


7. Market Size, Segmentation & Forecasts

- Pools

- Gambling Participation

- Forecasts

8. Company Financials

- Technological


- Gaming & Social Media

- How Robust Is The Market?

- The Total Market

- Lotteries

- Gaming Machines

- Economic Trends

- Key Drivers


- Economic

- Market Sectors

- Bingo

- Political

Licensed Bingos

6. Further Sources

- Market Size & Segmentation

- Casinos

- Internet Gaming

- Remote Gambling

- Problem Gambling

- Overview

- Dramatic Growth In Remote Gambling

- Casinos

5. What’s Key In The Market?

- Lotteries

9. International Perspective

This market update examines the betting and gaming industry in the UK,

with a particular focus on activity, trends and issues affecting the

market over the past 5 years